Reported speech упражнения we have gone on holiday

Упражнения на прямую и косвенную речь в английском языке

Сегодня выполняем упражнения на прямую и косвенную речь в английском языке. Вначале предлагаю Вам повторить правила прямая и косвенная речь в английском языке. Надеюсь, вы готовы и мы можем приступить к выполнению упражнений.

В статье есть упражнения на употребление

Косвенная речь упражнения. Утвердительные предложения.

В данной главе выполним indirect speech exercises на перевод утвердительных предложений из прямой речи в косвенную.

Упражнение 1. Change the direct speech into reported speech. Переведите в косвенную речь.

Example “I work hard,” Jillian said.

— Jillian said that he worked hard.

  1. “I am planning to go to Kenya,” Sally said.
  2. “I take my little sister to school every day,” little Anthony said.
  3. “You may take my textbook,” Nonna said.
  4. “They are playing in the gym now,” Nick said.
  5. “I don’t like chocolate,” Mary said.
  6. “My sister is ready to go” Helen said.
  7. “My mother usually goes shopping on Saturday,” the girl said.
  8. “The birds build their nests among the trees,” the teacher said.
  9. “I am not married,” Jimmy said.
  10. “I can’t read these books. I don’t like them,” Petra said.

Упражнение 2. Change the direct speech into reported speech. Переведите в косвенную речь.

Example 1: I have already finished the test. -> He said he had already finished the test.

  1. We have gone on holiday.
  2. Nelly can’t write; she has cut her finger.
  3. The Ivanovs have travelled to many places.
  4. Sam has already learnt the poem.
  5. My sister has broken my pencil.
  6. My dad has never travelled by plane.
  7. Andrew has lost his keys.
  8. Jill has never slept in a tent.

Example 2: The party finished late. —> He said (that) the party had finished late.

  1. They lived in a camp when they were on holiday.
  2. My brother got up early this morning.
  3. Li was a famous sportsman.
  4. The couple agreed to meet at six.
  5. Yesterday, I saw Mary in the street.
  6. Sammy arrived by train.
  7. Nicky went home early yesterday.
  8. The kids played tennis in the yard.

Example 3: I’ll meet them at school. —> He said he would meet them at school.

  1. The match will take place next week.
  2. This work will take little time.
  3. My parents will come at 3.
  4. Mike will do this exercise later.
  5. My friend won’t be able to come.
  6. They’ll build a new hotel here.
  7. It will rain tomorrow.
  8. Sandy won’t be able to come.
  9. We’ll have examinations next year.

Упражнение 3. Imagine that you met your friend and he told you something. Writе what he told you.

Example: I haven’t seen you for a long time.—> He told me that he hadn’t seen me for a long time.

  1. I was away from school because I was ill.
  2. I phoned you many times but you were out.
  3. Some of the schoolmates came to see me.
  4. I had a cold and stayed in bed.
  5. I watched TV.
  6. I’ll come to school next week.
  7. I’ll be better I hope.
  8. The doctor has given me many pills.

Упражнение 4. Перепишите предложения из косвенной речи в прямую.

Example: He said the meeting had finished. —> The meeting has finished.

  1. He said that his bus hadn’t come in time the day beforе.
  2. The boys said they would go to the football match.
  3. He said their team hadn’t won the last game.
  4. Molly said that she had gone to the library after school.
  5. Liz said that she would go home early.
  6. Wе said that we hadn’t made any plans yet.

Косвенная речь упражнения. Вопросительные предложения.

Переходим к упражнениям на отработку перевода вопросительных предложений из прямой речи в косвенную.

Упражнение 5. Imagine that you saw your doctor yesterday because you had a bad headache. Tell your partner what questions the doctor asked.

Example: Do you sleep well?

— The doctor asked me if I slept well.

  1. Is anything wrong with you?
  2. Do you sometimes have headaches?
  3. Are you taking any medicine now?
  4. Do you spend much time out- of-doors?
  5. Do you do sports?
  6. Have you a good appetite?
  7. Do you usually go to bed late?
  8. Will you follow my advice?

Упражнение 6. Imagine that a reporter from the local newspaper came to your school yesterday. Report his questions.

Еxample: How long have you studied at this school?

— He asked me how long I had studied at that school.

  1. What do you like about your school?
  2. What school activity did you have last?
  3. What good habits have you formed at school?
  4. What is your favorite subject?
  5. What is more important for you at school?
  6. How often do you go on school trips?
  7. What is your school record?

Упражнение 7. Report the questions.

Example: Are you glad to be back?

— He asked me if I was glad to be back.

  1. How are you?
  2. How long have you been away?
  3. Are you going away again?
  4. What will you do in future?
  5. Why did you come back?
  6. What are you doing now?
  7. Have you made new friends?
  8. Where are you living now?

Упражнение 8. Report the questions.

— She asked him if he was English.

  1. Can Molly speak English?
  2. What impressed you most in England?
  3. When did Rick come home yesterday?
  4. Does Megan like travelling?
  5. Will you come to my place on Friday?
  6. Is it your second visit to England?
  7. Why have you come to scotland?
  8. Will Molly stay at the hotel long?

Упражнение 9. Write reported questions.

— She asked who he was.

  1. “Why is she working so late?” he asked.
  2. “Is she British?” he asked.
  3. “What’s her name?” he asked.
  4. “What did she buy?” he asked.
  5. “Will you have something to eat?” she asked.
  6. “Have they got any money?” she asked.
  7. “How did you do that?” she asked.

Косвенная речь упражнения. Побудительные предложения.

Упражнение 10. Imagine that your mother gave you some instructions. Report them to your partner. Use the sentences below.

She told me to feed the cat.

  1. Come home straight after school.
  2. Warm up your dinner.
  3. Wash up the dishes after the dinner.
  4. Buy bread, milk and sugar.
  5. Start doing your homework before I come.
  6. Take the dog for a walk.
  7. Clean your room.
  8. Wait for me at home.
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Упражнение 11. Tell your partner what instructions you have got from different teachers today. Use the sentences below.

— She told us not to be late for the lesson

  1. Don’t stay outside after the bell comes.
  2. Don’t run along the corridor.
  3. Don’t make noise.
  4. Don’t look into your neighbor’s exercise-book.
  5. Don’t lie on your desk.
  6. Don’t ask me silly questions.
  7. Don’t waste time at the lesson.
  8. Listen to me attentively.
  9. Write down the rule into your exercise-books.
  10. Get down to work.

Надеюсь, вы справились с этими упражнениями по теме Косвенная речь.

Понравилось? Сохраните на будущее и поделитесь с друзьями!

19 Комментариев для “Упражнения на прямую и косвенную речь в английском языке”

Спасибо. Оччень удачные упражнения!

Пожалуйста, собирала для своих учеников)))

Подскажите как перевести в косвенную речь предложение they said “we had booked the room before we left “

they said they had booked the room before they left

Скажите, а ответы ко всем тествм по грамматике есть? с чем сверять?

Елена, к данным упражнениям готовых ответов нет.

Очень хорошие упражнения! Спасибо

Добрый вечер, завтра контрольная) Прошу помощи! Как выполнять подобные предложения?

They lived in a camp when they were on holiday.

My brother got up early this morning.

Li was a famous sportsman.

The couple agreed to meet at six.

Yesterday, I saw Mary in the street.

Sammy arrived by train.

Nicky went home early yesterday.

The kids played tennis in the yard.

Добрый, ну если нужно перевести в косвенную речь, то нужно знать в каком времени глагол говорения, если в настоящем, то изменения нужно по смыслу только делать, а если в прошедшем, то глагол переводить на время назад:

He said they had lived in a camp when they had been on holiday.

He said his brother had got up early that morning.

He said Li had been (was) a famous sportsman.

He said the couple had agreed to meet at six.

He said he had seen Mary in the street the day before.

He said Sammy had arrived by train.

He said Nicky had gone home early the day before.

He said the kids had played tennis in the yard.

У вас предложения в прошедшем времени, следовательно нужно переводить в past perfect (Had+ V3)

Добрый вечер! Мне кажется, здесь опечатка. Проверьте, пожалуйста.

Источник

Reported Speech. Упражнения (уровень 1- для начинающих)

Вы изучили Reported Speech (правила для начинающих) и теперь приступаете к закреплению темы «Reported Speech». Упражнения разделены по разделам:

Reported Speech. Упражнения (уровень 1)

Начнем с относительно простых упражнений на Reported Speech в настоящем времени. Вы будете переводить утвердительные и вопросительные предложения. Вспомните Правила 1-4.

Перевод предложений в косвенную речь в настоящем времени

Упражнение 1. Переведите утвердительные предложения в косвенную речь.

  1. «I am at home.» — He says that …
  2. «I have a dog.» — She says that …
  3. «We are from Russia.» — They say that …
  4. «I don’t drive a car.» — She says that …
  5. «I believe you.» — He says that …

Упражнение 2. Переведите вопросительные предложения в косвенную речь.

  1. «Why are you late?» — The teacher asks me …
  2. «Where is he from?» — The man asks him …
  3. «Why are you crying?» — Mother asks my sister …
  4. «How much cheese have you bought?» — Mother asks …
  5. «When did you go to Sochi?» — My friend wonders ….
  6. «How many kids have they got?» — My neighbour wonders …
  7. «What does she like doing?» — The teacher wonders …
  8. «Where will she go tomorrow?» — My Dad wonders …

Упражнение 3. Переведите вопросительные предложения в косвенную речь.

  1. «Can you speak French?» — My friend asks …
  2. «Was the trip interesting?» — Dad wonders …
  3. «Is there any food in the jug?» — The fox wonders …
  4. «Do you celebrate your birthday?» — My classmates ask …
  5. «Do they sell toys?» — The child asks …
  6. «Does he like coffee?» — She wonders …
  7. «Did she teach English at school?» — He asks …
  8. «Will he run in the park tomorrow?» — My friend asks ..

Repoted Speech. Упражнения на перевод предложений в косвенную речь в прошедшем времени

Теперь переходим к более сложному уровню — переводу в косвенную речь предложений в прошедшем времени. Вы помните правило 5 на согласование времен? Прежде чем приступить к выполнению упражнений, рассмотрим, есть ли согласование времен в русском языке.

ПРИМЕРЫ согласования времен в английском языке

1.Не lives in New York. – Он живет в Нью Йорке.
I knew that he lived in New York. – Я знал, что он живет в Нью Йорке.

2.Mother is sleeping. – Мама спит.
I thought that mother was sleeping. – Я думал, что моя мама спит.

3.He bought a new car. – Он купил новую машину.
I heard that he had bought a new car. – Я слышал, что он купил новую машину.

Проанализируйте приведенные выше примеры и ответьте на вопрос:

Некоторые упражнения из этой статьи взяты из замечательного пособия Ю.В. Голицынского. Вы можете купить пособие — Английский язык. Грамматика. Сборник упражнений — Голицынский Ю.Б. | Купить книгу с доставкой | My-shop.ru

Упражнение 4. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на употребление времен в русском и английском языках.

  1. We did not know where our friends went every evening.
  2. We did not know where our friends had gone.
  3. She said that her best friend was a doctor.
  4. She said that her best friend had been a doctor.
  5. I didn’t know that you worked at the museum.
  6. I didn’t know that you had worked at the museum.
  7. I knew that you were ill.
  8. I knew that you had been ill.
  9. We found out that she left home at eight o’clock every morning.
  10. We found out that she had left home at eight o’clock that morning.

Перевод утвердительных предложений в косвенную речь (Reporting Statements)

Упражнение 5. Измените предложения по образцу, используя косвенную речь.

Образец: It is a nice place to go. — He said (that) it was a nice place to go.

1. The fish is very good. 2. I’ll have a chicken. 3. The chicken is not properly cooked. 4. I’m very sorry. 5. I’ll get you another book. 6. We come here quite often. 7. I’ll never come here again. 8.I have seen this film. 9. We visited this place on Monday. 10. It was raining heavily all day yesterday.

Упражнение 6. Перепишите следующие предложения в прошед­шем времени. Примените правило 5, то есть согласуйте время главного и придаточного предложения.

1. My uncle says that he has just come back from Cyprus. 2. He says that he has spent a fortnight (two weeks) in Cyprus. 3. He says that it did him a lot of good. 4. He says that he has got a good tan. 5. He says that his wife and he spent most of their time on the beach. 6. He says that they did a lot of sightseeing. 7. He says that he has a good camera. 8. He says that he took a lot of photos while travelling in Cyprus. 9. He says that he will come there again. 10. He says that he will bring and show us the photographs he took during his stay in Cyprus.

Упражнение 7. Перепишите следующие предложения в прошед­шем времени. Обратите внимание на зависимость времени придаточного дополнительного предложения от времени главного (взято из учебника Ю.В.Голицынского).

1. Mike says he is sure Ann and Kate will be excellent guides. 2. He says they have made good progress in English. 3. Oleg says that some English students will come to pay a visit to their school and he will probably have to act as an interpreter. 4. Ann says she has just met Boris in the street. 5. She says Boris told her a lot of interest­ing things about his travels in the South. 6. Nick says he is going to the hotel to see his friends, who have just arrived in St Petersburg from the United States of America. 7. He says they have not been in their beloved city for a long time. 8. He says they were friends at school. 9. He says he will take them to the theatre on Sunday. 10. They say they will write him a letter when they return home.

Упражнение 8. Употребите следующие предложения как прида­точные дополнительные, в роли главных используя предложения, данные в скобках. Сдвигайте времена в соответствии с правилом согласования времен (взято из учебника Ю.В.Голицынского).

  1. You will fall and break your leg. (I was afraid)
  2. My friend has never been to Washington. (I knew)
  3. She never drinks milk. (I was told)
  4. He is a very talented singer. (We were told)
  5. They live a happy life. (We knew)
  6. The children are playing in the yard. (She thought)
  7. Her friend will come to see her. (She hoped)
  8. Father has repaired his bicycle. (He thought)
  9. She knows English very well. (I supposed)
  10. Our sportsmen will win the game. (We were sure)
  11. He does not know German at all. (I found out)
  12. She made no mistakes in her dictation. (She was glad)
  13. He works on his English hard. (I knew)
  14. She dances better than anybody else. (I was told)
  15. My cousin has received a very interesting offer from his firm. (I learnt)
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Упражнение 9. Передайте следующие повествовательные предложения в косвенной речи.

1. Oleg said, «My room is on the this floor.» 2. He said, «I am sure she will ring me up tomorrow.» 3. Michael said, «I saw them at my parents’ house last year.» 4. He said, “I haven’t seen my cousin today.» 5. She said, «I didn’t go shopping yesterday.» 6. Tom said, «I have already had breakfast here, so I am not hungry.» 7. He said, «I received a letter from him a week ago.» 8. «I am going to the theatre tonight,» he said to me. 9. Mike said, «I spoke to Mr Brown this morn­ing.» 10. I said to them, «Now I can give you her mobile number.»

Упражнение 10. Передайте следующие повествовательные пред­ложения в косвенной речи (взято из учебника Ю.В.Голицынского).

1.The woman said to her son, «I am glad I am here.» 2. Mike said, «We have bought these books today.» 3. The teacher said to me, «Now I can read your translation.» 4. «This man spoke to me on the road,» said the woman. 5. «I can’t explain this rule to you,» my classmate said to me. 6. The teacher said to the class, «We shall discuss this subject tomorrow.» 7. She said, «You will read this book in the 9th form.» 8. Nellie said, «I read ‘Jane Eyre’ last year.» 9. «My friend lives in Moscow,» said Alec. 10. «You have not done your work well,» the teach­er said to me.

Перевод вопросительных предложений в косвенную речь (Reporting Yes/No Questions & Reporting Special Questions)

Упражнение 11. Передайте следующие специальные вопросы в косвенной речи (взято из учебника Ю.В.Голицынского).

1.Mother said to me, «Who has brought this par­cel?» 2. He said to her, «Where do you usually spend your summer holidays?» 3. Ann said to Mike, «When did you leave London?» 4. She said to Boris, «When will you be back home?» 5. Boris said to them, «How can I get to the railway station?» 6. Mary asked Tom, «What time will you come here tomorrow?» 7. She asked me, «Why didn’t you come here yesterday?» 8. She asked me, «What will you do tomorrow if you are not busy at your office?» 9. I said to Nick, «Where are you going?» 10. I said to him, «How long are уou going to stay there?» 11.I said to him, «How long will it take you to get there?» 12. Pete said to his friends, «When are you leaving St. Petersburg? 13. He said to them, «Who will you see before you leave?» 14. They said to him, «What time does the train start?» 15. I asked Mike, «What will you do after dinner?» 16. I asked my uncle, «How long did you stay in the Crimea?» 17. Ada said to me,»Where did you see such trees?» 18. I said to Becky, «What kind of book has your friend brought you?»

Упражнение 12. Передайте следующие общие вопросы в косвенной речи (взято из учебника Ю.В.Голицынского).

1.I said to Mike, «Have you packed your bags?» 2. I said to Kate, «Did anybody meet you at the station? » 3. I said to her, «Can you give me their address?» 4. I asked Tom, «Have you had breakfast?» 5. I asked my sister, «Will you stay at home or go for a walk after dinner? » 6. I said to my mother, «Did anybody come to see me?» 7. I asked my sister, «Will Nick call for you on the way to school? » 8. She said to the young man, «Can you call a taxi for me?» 9. Mary said to Peter, «Have you shown your photo to Dick?» 10. Oleg said to me, «Will you come here tomorrow?» 11. He said to us,»Did you go to the museum this morning?» 12. I said to Boris, «Does your friend live in London? «13. I said to the man, «Are you living in a hotel?» 14. Nick said to his friend, «Will you stay at home?» 15. He said to me,»Do you often go to see your friends? » 16. He said to me, «Will you see your friends before you leave St. Petersburg?» 17. Mike said to Jane, «Will you come to the railway station to see me off?» 18. She said to me, «Have you sent them a tele­gram? » 19. She said to me, «Did you send them a telegram yesterday?»

ПРИМЕРЫ
He asked, «Are you going to London?» and she answered, «Yes». — He asked if she was going to London and she answered that she was.

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He asked, «Are you meeting him soon?» and I answered, «No». — He asked if I was meeting him soon and I answered that I was not.

Упражнение 13. Переведите общие вопросы и ответы на них в косвенную речь.

  1. He asked, «Are you a secretary?» and she said, «Yes.»
  2. He asked, «Do you know the password for his computer?» and she said, «No.»
  3. He asked, «Were you in the office when Pete checked the computers?» and she said, «Yes.»
  4. He asked, «Has Jack ever changed anything on this computer?» and she said, «Yes.»
  5. He asked, «Did you tell Pete about it?» and she said, «No.»
  6. He asked, «Did you see his records? and she said, «No.»

Перевод повелительных предложений в косвенную речь (Reporting Commands)

Упражнение 14. Передайте следующие повелительные предложе­ния в косвенной речи.

1. The teacher said to me, «Hand this note to your parents, please.» 2. Oleg said to his sister, «Put the letter in an envelope and give it to Kate.» 3. «Let us help Henry with this work,» said Robert. 4. «Please bring me some fish soup,» he said to the waitress. 5. «Don’t worry over such a small thing,» she said to me. 6. «Please don’t mention it to anybody,» Mary said to her friend. 7. «Promise to come and see me,» said Jane to Alice. 8. He said, «Let us come here tomorrow».

Упражнение 15. Передайте следующие повелительные предложе­ния в косвенной речи.

  1. I said to Mike, «Send me a telegram as soon as you arrive.»
  2. Father said to me, «Don’t stay there long.»
  3. Peter said to them, «Don’t leave the room until I come back.»
  4. «Take my luggage to Room 145,» he said to the porter.
  5. He said to me, «Ring me up tomor­row.»
  6. «Let us have a cup of black coffee,» she said to me.
  7. «Don’t be late for dinner,» mother said to us.
  8. Jane said to us, «Please tell me all you know about it.»
  9. She said to Nick, «Please don’t say anything about it to your sister.»
  10. The teacher says, «Let us speak English.»

Упражнение 16. Передайте косвенные вопросы в прямой речи.

  1. Ask me if I have seen the new film.
  2. Ask me if I went to see my friend.
  3. Ask me if my son is making good progress in English.
  4. Ask about Mr.X. if he works in a newspaper office.
  5. Ask about Mr.X. if his son earns his own living himself.
  6. Ask about Mr.X. if he is single or married.
  7. Ask about Mrs.X. if she has got an electric cooker.
  8. Ask about Mr.X. if he is going abroad.

Упражнение 17. Передайте предложения в прямой речи.

  • Ask your friend not to talk.
  • Ask your friend not to ring her up now because it is too late.
  • Ask your friend to tell us about his trip to England.
  • Ask your friend not to speak too fast.
  • Ask him to speak in a low voice.

Упражнение 18 (заключительное). Передайте в косвенную речь диалог между девочкой волком.

The wolf, “What have you got in the basket?”

The girl, ”I have got a cake and some butter in it.”

The wolf, ”Where will you leave your basket?”

The girl, “I will leave it in my Granny’s house”

The wolf, ”Does your Granny live far from here?”

The girl, ”No, she doesn’t.”

The wolf, “Who has made such a nice red cap for you?”

The girl, “My Granny has. She made it last summer.”

The wolf, “Don’t hurry, Little Red Riding Hood (Красная шапочка)! Gather some flowers.”

Reported Speech. Упражнения на согласование времен (Sequence of Tenses)

Упражнение 19. Переведите на английский язык.

1. Я не знал, что вы заняты. 2. Он сказал, что знает три иностранных языка. 3. Он сказал вам, когда вернется? 4. Он ска­зал вам, что будет очень занят сегодня? 5. Он спросил нас, сколько времени у нас обычно уходит на то, чтобы добраться до работы. 6. Я уверен, что вы скоро будете здоровы. 7. Он сказал, что не смо­жет сделать эту работу, так как у него нет времени. 8. Он сказал, что никогда не был в Париже. 9. Я слышал, что вы уезжаете из Москвы. 10. Он ответил, что освободится, как только закончит переводить статью.

Упражнение 20. Переведите на английский язык.

  1. Мы надеялись, что Сергей примет участие в конференции, если он приедет вовремя. 2. Ольга сказала, что пока я не куплю словарь, я могу пользоваться ее словарем. 3. Олег нам написал, что когда он вернется из армии, он, вероятно, будет работать в школе. 4. Мы не знали, что она отказалась от работы. 5. Он не знал, что ему придется так долго ждать. 6. Доктор сказал, что я должен побыть дома несколько дней. 7. Мы не знали, что девушка, которая приходила к тебе, актриса. 8. Он сказал, что его брат пробудет Москве еще два дня. 9. Я уверена, что она все приготовила. 10. Все знали, что она все еще будет работать в 5 часов.

Вы закончили изучение темы «Reported Speech» на уровне 1 — для начинающих изучать эту непростую тему. 20 упражений помогли вам закрепить основные правила перевода разных видов упражнений из прямой речи в косвенную.

Вы можете переходить к изучению другой темы или совершенствоваться далее. Всем успехов!

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