Past Continuous упражнения для закрепления правил грамматики
Время английского языка past continuous определяет отрезок времени в прошлом, в течении которого производилось какое-то действие. Например, вчера с 2 до 5 я играл в футбол. — I was playing football from 2 to 5 pm yesterday. Сегодня предлагаем материал «past continuous упражнения», который поможет вам лучше усвоить тему past continuous и набить руку на практике. Помните: хорошо изученная теория, подкрепленная практикой, гарантирует 100%-й результат. В данной статье предлагаем сделать несколько упражнений, но перед этим напомним особенности образования прошедшего продолженного времени.
Past Continuous: особенности образования
Прошедшее продолженное время образуется по следующей схеме: вспомогательный глагол to be в прошедшем времени (was/were)+основная форма глагола+окончание -ing.
- I was watching TV when the accident started. — Я смотрел телевизор, когда началось происшествие.
- She was knitting the sweater when I came in. — Когда я вошел, она вязала свитер.
- They were solving the problem while others play cards. — Пока остальные играли в карты, они решали проблему.
Напомним, как образуется The Past Continuous в утвердительном, отрицательном и вопросительном предложениях (в качестве примера возьмем слово say):
|I was saying||Was I saying?||I was not saying|
|You were saying||Were you saying?||You were not saying|
|He/she was saying||Was he/she saying?||He/she was not saying|
|We were saying||Were we saying?||We were not saying|
|They were saying||Were they saying?||They were not saying|
Теперь, когда теорию мы повторили, приступаем практической части – упражнениям. Предлагаем сделать следующие The past continuous exercises.
The Past Continuous Tense. Упражнения (уровень 1)
Выполните упражнения ниже, чтобы научиться составлять предложения в Past Continuous и отработать четыре основных случая его употребления. Предлагаемые упражнения относятся к уровню для начинающих и даны по мере возрастания сложности.
Как уже говорилось, времена Present Continuous и Past Continuous относятся к одной группе и схожи по построению (см. схему).
The Past Continuous Tense. Упражнения для начинающих
Упражнение 1. Заполните пропуски глаголом в Present Continuous и Past Continuous, используя правильную форму глагола be.
Продолжим выполнять упражнения на Past Continuous дальше и вспомним, что существует 4 случая употребления Past Continuous .
Упражнение 2. Заполните пропуски глаголом в Past Continuous, используя правильную форму глагола be.
- I ………… reading a book at 4 o’clock yesterday.
- You ………. reading a book…
- He ………. reading a book…
- We ………. reading a book…
- She ………. reading a book…
- They ………. reading a book…
Упражнение 3. Перед вами вчерашний список дел Эмили. Напишите, когда и что она делала. Используйте словосочетания:
- At 9 o’clock she was having breakfast.
- At 9.30 she…
- At 11 a.m…
- At 1 p.m …
- At 3 p.m …
- At 5 p.m …
Упражнение 4. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous или Past Continuous.
- I ______ (to write) an English exercise now. I _______ (to write) an English exercise at that time yesterday.
- My little sister _______ (to sleep) now. My little sister ________ (to sleep) at that time yesterday.
- My friends _______ (not to do) their homework now. They _______ (to play) volleyball.
- My friends ______ (not to do) their homework at seven o’clock yesterday. They ______(to play) volleyball.
- What _____ you ______ (to do) now? — I _______ (to drink) tea. ______ you ______(to drink) tea at that time yesterday? — No, I ________ (not to drink) tea at this time yesterday, I ________ (to eat) a banana.
The Past Continuous Tense – прошедшее длительное время глагола часто путают с простым прошедшем временем (The Past Simple Tense). Давайте разберемся, чем отличаются эти времена друг от друга, для начала по построению. Для этого выполните упражнение 5.
Упражнение 5. Заполните пропуски глаголом в Past Simple и Past Continuous, используя правильную форму глагола be.
Выполните упражнения ниже, чтобы отработать второй случай употребления Past Continuous.
Упражнение 6. Заполните пропуски глаголом в Past Continuous и переведите предложения.
- When I went out into the garden, the sun ______(to shine).
- I __________(to eat) ice cream when you met me in the park yesterday.
- When I came home, Tom ______ (to speak) over the phone.
- Somebody got into the room when we ________(to sleep).
- He saw Jane when she ______ (to cross) the street.
- He ______(to wait) for Jenny when it started raining.
- The woman ______(to have) a bath when she felt bad.
- The man ______(to sit) by the window when he heard the noise.
- We _______(to watch TV) when the door bell rang.
- She______ (to read) when somebody knocked at the door.
- They _____(to talk) about him when he suddenly came in.
Упражнение 7. Спросите по образцу.
ОБРАЗЕЦ. When did you meet Jerry? I met Jerry when I was walking in the park.
- When did you meet Jerry? (walk in the park)
- When did you break the window? (play football)
- When did she write the story? (fly to London)
- When did he catch that butterfly? (go through the fields)
- When did you cut your finger? (make dinner)
- When did you see the rainbow? (walk in the garden)
Упражнение 8. Выберите правильный вариант.
- David (came / was coming) in when the children (wrote / were writing) a test.
- Mike (phoned / was phoning) me when I (took / was taking) a shower.
- Mike (spoke / was speaking) to me when his little sister (took / was taking) his book out of his schoolbag.
- We (met / were meeting) them when we (stood / were standing) at the bus stop.
- I (slept I was sleeping) when his mother (came / was coming) back.
- On Monday Mary (cooked / was cooking) lunch when the postman (brought/ was bringing) her a letter from her friend.
- When the teacher (came / was coming) into the classroom, the children (sat / were sitting) at their desks.
Упражнение 9. Ответьте на вопрос, что делали члены семьи, когда приехала тетя Дженни.
ОБРАЗЕЦ. What were family doing yesterday when aunt Jenny came?
- John / listen to the radio ____________
- his sister / have a bath ____________
- the baby / play _____________
- Father / read a book _____________
- Mother / clean the room _____________
- the cat / sleep ______________
- grandparents / watch TV _____________
Упражнение 10. Составьте предложения по картинкам.
ОБРАЗЕЦ. When we came to see our friend, he was painting the fence.
- When my friend and I went outside it ….
- When Peter’s mother came into the room, he …..
- When I came home, my granny …
Упражнение 11. Составьте предложения по картинкам.
ОБРАЗЕЦ. While we were talking to our friend, he was painting the fence.
- People were standing frightened while the tiger…
- My mother … to me while I was watching the stars through the telescope.
- The sun was shining brightly when Tom and Sam …
Упражнение 12. Составьте предложения по образцу, используя Past Simple или Past Continuous.
ОБРАЗЕЦ. Mum/wash up/telephone/ring. — Mum was washing up when the telephone rang.
- Tom/have a shower/doorbell/ring.
- Dad/have breakfast/post/arrive.
- Nancy/read a book/she/hear a noise.
- John/shop in town/he/meet Kevin.
- The whole class/write a test/I/come.
- We/drive along Park Avenue/something/go wrong in the car.
Упражнение 13. Прочитайте историю, которая вполне могла случиться. Выберите правильный вариант глагола-действия.
I (met/was meeting) a friend while I (did/was doing) the shopping. While I (paid/was paying) for my things, I (heard/was hearing) someone call my name. I (turned/was turning) round and (saw/seeing) Paula. She (wore/was wearing) a bright red coat. We (decided/were deciding) to have a cup of coffee. While we (had/ were having) a drink, a waiter (dropped/was dropping) pile of plates. We all (got/were getting) a terrible shock. While the waiter (picked/was picking) up the broken plates, he (cut/was cutting) his finger. We (left/were leaving) the cafe and (said/were saying) goodbye. I (finished/was finishing) my shopping and (went/was going) home.
Вы выполнили упражнения на Past Continuous для начинающих. Рассмотрим более сложные случаи употребления этого времени глагола в английском языке.
Ответы доступны только для пользователей, оплативших подписку “ОТВЕТЫ”.
Past Continuous. Exercises. Прошедшее длительное время. Упражнения
Сегодня мы с вами хорошенько отработаем Past Continuous, но прежде, если вам необходимо, повторите теоретический материал.
Упражнение 1. Раскройте скобки, поставив глаголы в фоpму Past Continuous.
- While I ___________ (to copy) the exercise, my friends __________ (to describe) a picture.
- When we came in, the children __________ (to clean) their desks.
- We met her at the bus stop. She ___________ (to wait) for the bus.
- Some of the children ________ (to ski) while other children ___________ (to skate). Everybody __________ (to have) a lot of fun.
- When we came the family ________ (to get) everything ready for Christmas. Bob and Helen _________ (to decorate) the Christmas tree.
- The girls _________ (to feed) the birds in the garden while the boys _______ (to make) a bird-house.
Упражнение 2. Прочитайте текст, переведите. Подчеркните глаголы в форме Past Continuous. Ответьте на вопрос:
At 7 o’clock the match started on TV, so Dad was still watching it at 7.30. Mum was sitting in the kitchen. She was quietly reading a woman’s magazine. Rosie was trying on her Mum’s clothes in her room. Nick’s cousins were listening to rock music. It was very loud so they didn’t hear the crash. At 7.30 the dogs were lying in front of the fire and they were sleeping. Nick went into the garden with his friend to play football. So at 7.30 he was still there.
Упражнение 3. Допишите предложения по содержанию текста предыдущего упражнения, используя глаголы в Past Continuous.
1. When someone broke the window Dad _________________
2. When Mum heard the crash she ___________________
3. The cousins didn’t hear the noise because they ____________________
4. The dogs when the noise woke them up. ______________
5. At 7.30 Nick ________________
Упражнение 4. Дайте краткие и полные ответы на вопросы в Past Continuous.
Were you going to the cinema at 7 o’clock?
—Yes, I was. I was going to the cinema.
— No, I wasn’t. I wasn’t going to the cinema.
- Were you having dinner at 2 o’clock?
- Was your friend sitting in the yard when you saw him?
- Was your mother cooking when you came home?
- Was your sister reading when you called her?
- Were the children sitting at their desks when you entered the classroom?
- Were the little children running along the corridor when the lesson began?
- Were you doing your homework at 7 o’clock last night?
- Was your father working in the garden when you asked him to dinner?
Упражнение 5. Задайте вопросы к предложениям, используя слова и фразы в скобках. Ответьте на вопросы.
After the lesson Victor was explaining the new rule, (to you)
— Was Victor explaining the new rule to you?
— Yes, he was. He was explaining the new rule to me.
The children were decorating their classroom. (when)
— When were they decorating the classroom?
— They were decorating it after the lessons.
- When I went into the yard, the boys were playing, (football)
- When we were playing, Bob was shouting. (loudly)
- I met Victor in the street. He was running quickly, (where)
- The weather was fine, the sun was shining, (all day)
- Nick was watching his little sister in the garden. (why)
- His sister was helping him to pack his things when I came, (what things)
- They were cooking dinner at that time, (with whom)
- I was waiting for him at 3 o’clock yesterday. (where)
- He was looking for something when I came in. (what)
- They were laughing when I entered the classroom. (why)
Упражнение 6. Спросите друзей, что они делали прошлой субботой в 10 часов утра. Используйте следующие слова и выражения:
To watch, to listen to, to carry, to look at, to wait for, to explain something to somebody, to work, to sit, to play.
Упражнение 7. Вставьте подходящие по смыслу глаголы в форме Past Continuous.
Yesterday we went to the zoo and saw there a lot of animals. First we went to see the white bears. They __________. Then we went to the cage with monkeys. There were a lot of children in front of the cage. They ___________ because a monkey in the the cage ____________. After that we went to see the elephant. There was a man there. He ____________the elephant. But we ___________ see much of the lions. They _______________.
Упражнение 8. Из имеющихся слов составьте вопросы к готовым ответам. Все вопросы должны быть в Past Continuous.
1. Where | the white bears | swimming | were ?
– In the swimming pool.
2. It | was | raining ?
– Oh, no. It wasn’t. The sun was shining brightly.
3. The elephant | what | eating | was ?
– Some grass and fruit.
4. What | was | playing with | the monkey ?
— With a small ball.
5. Were | how many lions | sleeping in the cage?
Упражнение 9. Дополните вопросы и ответы глаголами в Past Continous.
— Mr. Rambler , what _______ you ______ (do) at 6.30 ?
— Oh, I ____________ (read) at that time in my room.
— Were you? _____________ you really ___________ (read)? What __________ you ________ (read) at that time?
— Did your friends see you then?
— No, they didn’t. They _______________ (watch TV).
— What ________ they ____________ (watch)?
— Some film. But why?
— Some people saw a man who ___________ (try) to kill an elephant at that time. We think it was you.
Упражнение 10. Составьте вопросы в Past Continuous. Используйте вопросительные слова в скобках.
1. Were you watching TV at 11 o’clock last night? (when)
2. We were speaking about books at the lesson. (what, where)
3. After school they were practising a new game. (alternative)
4. When I came, Nick was cleaning his room, (what)
5. He was returning to his camp with a pail of water. (where?)
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