Passive voice упражнения upper intermediate

Passives

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Passives

Do you know how to use the passive voice to change the focus of a sentence?

Look at these examples to see how the passive voice is used.

A lot of olive oil is produced in Italy.
This book was written by Angela Davis.
The suspect will be released tomorrow.
This product has not been tested on animals.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

We use the passive voice to change the focus of the sentence.

My bike was stolen. (passive – focus on my bike)
Someone stole my bike. (active – focus on someone)

We often use the passive:

  • when we prefer not to mention who or what does the action (for example, it’s not known, it’s obvious or we don’t want to say)
  • so that we can start a sentence with the most important or most logical information
  • in more formal or scientific writing.

How we make the passive

We make the passive using the verb be + past participle. We start the sentence with the object.

Avatar was directed by James Cameron.
Object + be + past participle

It is not always necessary to add who or what did the action.

My flight is cancelled.
Object + be + past participle

Only the form of be changes to make the tense. The past participle stays the same. Here are examples of the passive in its most common tenses.

Tense Example Structure
Present simple Alioli is made from oil, garlic and salt. is/are + past participle
Present continuous The hall is being painted this week. is/are being + past participle
Past simple John F. Kennedy was assassinated in 1963. was/were + past participle
Past continuous The signs were being put up last week. was/were being + past participle
Present perfect Oranges have been grown here for centuries. has/have been + past participle
Past perfect When he got home, he found that his flat had been burgled. had been + past participle
Future simple The work will be finished next week. will be + past participle

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Источник

Об английском с любовью

Тренировочные упражнения. Passive Voice. Средний уровень. Intermediate. Часть вторая.

В английском языке есть глаголы с двойным управлением, то есть, такие глаголы, которые могут иметь два дополнения в действительном (активном ) залоге: прямое и косвенное дополнения. Прямое дополнение отвечает на вопрос КОГО-ЧТО? а косвенное дополнение отвечает отвечает на вопрос КОМУ? А это значит, что и пассивных конструкций может быть тоже две. Чаще всего употребляется пассивная конструкция с косвенным дополнением в роли подлежащего.

Преобразуйте следующие предложения в страдательный ( пассивный) залог. Подлежащим в пассивной конструкции является косвенное дополнение.

1. They showed her the shortest way to the station.

2. Someone gave my little brother a ticket, too.

3. They have allowed each boy a second plate of ice-cream.

4. My mother is teaching me English.

5. They sent him a lot of information .

6. Someone has lent them ten thousand dollars recently.

7. They promised her some interesting work.

8. They pay the workers twice a month.

9. People will show the visitors an ancient castle.

10. Someone granted them a loan last year.

11. Someone taught him English and gave him a dictionary.

12. We asked the lecturer a few questions about Shakespeare.

13 Tom has just told me an interesting story.

14. My friend lent me this book last Sunday.

15. When we first met, they had already offered me a job at the bank.

16. The postman delivers us newspapers and journals every day about eight o’clock in the morning.

17. Someone will read you another chapter next time.

18. They told us to come here by five o’clock.

19. They have brought the children a basket of fruit.

20. We sent her brother a letter last week.

21. They told the new students where to sit.

22. Someone gave her a box of chocolates for her birthday.

23. Somebody promised me a bicycle.

24. They told me the truth about the situation.

25. They will pay him for his work tomorrow.

26. We told the newcomers to stand.

27. They still deny women the right to vote in some countries.

28. Someone asked the student a very difficult question.

29. They told the visitors to wait outside.

30. They asked the rest of us to be there at eight o’ clock.

31. Someone bought Ann a new dress.

32. Someone has returned him the book he borrowed last week.

33. They sent his mother telegram an hour ago.

34. Someone offered her to take part in the competition.

35. They promised my little son a new ball.

36. We will send you your examination results in a week.

37. They have asked a little girl her name.

38. We allowed the children to go to the cinema.

39. They are showing us some pictures from the collection of the museum.

40. We have given our friend a lot of interesting books for his birthday.

Я поставлю предложения в пассивный залог и переведу их на русский язык, чтобы вы могли себя проверить.

1. She was shown the shortest way to the station. = Ей показали самый короткий путь на станцию.

2. My little brother was given a ticket, too. = Моему маленькому брату тоже дали билет.

3. Each boy has been allowed a second plate of ice-cream. = Каждому мальчику разрешили взять еще по одной порции мороженого.

4. I am being taught English by my mother. = Меня учит английскому моя мама.

5. He was sent a lot of information. = Ему было послано много информации.

6. They have been lent ten thousand dollars recently. = Недавно им заняли десять тысяч долларов.

7. She was promised some interesing work. = Ей пообещали интересную работу.

8. The workers are paid twice a month. = Рабочим платят дважды в месяц.

9. The visitirs will be shown an ancient castle. = Посетителям покажут древнюю крепость.

10. They were granted a loan last year. = В прошлом году им был предоставлен заем.

11. He was taught English and given a dictionary. = Его учили английскому языку и подарили словарь.

12. The lecturer was asked a few questions about Shakespeare. = Лектору было задано несколько вопросов о Шекспире.

13. I have been told an interestinf story by Tom. = Мне была рассказана Томом интересная история.

14. I was lent this book by my friend last Sunday. = Мне одолжил эту книгу прошлое воскресенье мой друг.

15. When we first met, I had been offered a job at the bank. = Когда мы впервые встретились, мне уже предложили работу в банке.

16. We are delivered newspapers and journals every day about eight o’clock. = Каждый день около восьми часов нам доставляют газеты и журналы.

17. You will be told another chapter next time. = Вам расскажут еще одну главу с следующий раз.

18. We were told to come here by five o’clock. = Нам велели прийти сюда к пяти часам.

19. The children have been brought a basket of fruit. = Детям принесли корзину с фруктами.

20. Her brother were sent a letter last week. = Ее брату прислали письмо на прошлой неделе.

21. New students were told where to sit. = Новым студентам рассказали, где сидеть.

22. She was given a box of chocolate for her birthday. = Ей подарили коробку шоколада на ее день рождения.

23. I was promised a bicycle. = Мне обещали велосипед.

24. I was told the truth about the situation. = Мне рассказали правду об этой ситуации.

25. He will be paid for his work tomorrow. = Ему заплатят за эту работу завтра.

26. The newcomers were told to stand. = Новичкам велели встать.

27. Women are still denied the right to vote in some countries. = В некоторых странах женщинам еще отказывают в праве голосовать.

28. The student was asked a very difficult question. = Студенту задали очень трудный вопрос.

29. The visitors are told to wait outside. = Посетителям велели подождать снаружи.

30. The rest of us are asked to be there at eight o’clock. = Остальных из нас попросили быть там в восемь часов.

31. Ann was bought a new dress. = Анне купили новое платье.

32. He has been returned the book someone borrowed last week. = Ему вернули книгу , которую у него взяли неделю назад.

33. His mother was sent a telegram an hour ago. = Час назад его маме послали телеграмму.

34. She was offered to take part in the competition. = Ей предложили принять участие в соревнованиях.

35. My little son was promised a new ball. = Моему маленькому сыну пообещали новый мячик.

36. You will be sent your examination results in a week. = Вам пришлют результаты экзаменов через неделю.

37. The little girl was asked her name. = У маленькой девочки спросили, как ее зовут.

38. The children were allowed to go the cinema. = Детям разрешили пойти в кино.

39. We are being shown some pictures from the collection of the museum. = Нам сейчас показывают картины из коллекции этого музея.

40. Our friend was given a lot of interesting books for his birthday. = Нашему другу подарили много интересных книг на его день рождения.

Источник

Passive Voice: Intermediate & Advanced Exercises (and Explanation)

English Level: Intermediate, Advanced

Language Focus: A review of the passive voice in contrast to the active voice

Grammar Worksheet: active-passive-voice-worksheet.docx (scroll down to study the exercises online)

Note: For a detailed explanation of why we use the passive voice, please read this lesson.

Review of the Passive Voice

Only sentences that have the object of a verb can be changed to the passive voice.

Active voice: I invited John .

[subject] + [verb] + [ object ]

Passive voice: John was invited by me.

In a passive sentence, the object of the verb (in the active sentence) becomes the subject. This is the structure for the passive voice:

John was invited (by me).

[subject] + [ BE + Past Participle] (by actor)

The (by actor) part of the sentence is optional.

Reminder #1

An active sentence that does not have an object cannot be made into the passive voice.

Active voice: She cried. (The verb has no object, so you cannot make a passive sentence)

Active voice: An accident happened. (Again, no object, so you cannot form a passive sentence)

Intransitive verbs, verbs that never have an object, like be, die, happen, exist, appear can never be made into the passive voice. Only transitive verbs (enjoy, kill, catch, show) can be used in the passive voice. (Hint: They are called transitive because you can transfer an object to them.)

A ghost appeared . (The intransitive verb ‘appear’ has no object.)

Distinguishing between Passive and Active Voice

Guideline 1: If the sentence does not contain BE + Past Participle, then it cannot be a passive sentence.

John was eating a snack. (Not passive – no BE + Past Participle)

Guideline 2: Look at the subject of the sentence and then the verb . Then ask yourself if the subject is the actor of the verb (did John eat?) or was the subject the object of the verb (Did someone eat John?). If the subject is the actor, then it’s an active sentence. If the subject is the object of the verb, then it’s a passive sentence.

Let’s try some exercises.

Intermediate Exercise #1 – Distinguishing between Active or Passive Voice

  1. I have never been to Wichita.
  2. I have never been arrested.
  3. The tower was built in 1802 by a French Artist.
  4. Nothing happened.
  5. No one was injured by the fire.
  6. The award was given to the top student.
  7. We decided not to hire anyone.
  8. The pizza was delicious.
  9. The pizza was ordered.
  10. The pizza made me sick.
  11. I was made sick by the pizza.

Intermediate Exercise #2 – Change Active sentences to Passive (Present Simple and Past Simple)

The problem wasn’t fixed by me.

  1. Police protect the town.

The town is protected by the police.

  1. John’s mother raised him in a small town.

John was raised in a small town by his mother. (note: the ‘by his mother’ phrase can be after the verb or at the end of the sentence)

  1. Someone painted the building last year.

The building was painted last year (by someone).

  1. Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin in 1928.

Penicillin was discovered in 1928 by Alexander Fleming.

  1. Some students study grammar on the Internet.

Grammar is studied on the Internet by some students.

Intermediate Exercise #3 – Add the Appropriate Verb in the Past Simple

Look at the subject and verb to determine if it is an active or passive sentence. Then add the appropriate verb. Use the Past Simple tense for this exercise.

  1. Many people (buy) tickets for last night’s concert. All the tickets (sell).
  2. The child (help) by his father. His toys (pick up) and put into a drawer.
  3. Scientists (discover) a new species of frog.
  4. The students (not/raise) their hands.
  5. Last night’s dinner (prepare) by my wife.
  6. The safety rules (not/follow), so an accident (happen).
  7. Because the printer (damage), we couldn’t print.
  8. The house (have) a swimming pool when I lived there.
  9. I (not/allow) to drink alcohol when I was young.

Let’s try some more advanced structures.

Advanced Exercise #1 – Distinguishing between Active or Passive Voice

Mark if the sentence is in the active or passive voice. (Remember to look for the BE + Past Participle structure.)

  1. The company was shut down by the police.
  2. We had been given the wrong tickets.
  3. She wishes she had been there.
  4. He might not have been paying attention.
  5. He should not have been asked to pay.
  6. Chemicals can be toxic.
  7. New regulations will be introduced next spring.

Advanced Exercise #2 – Change Active sentences to Passive (Present Simple and Past Simple)

  1. Someone had broken the window by 3:00 p.m.

The window had been broken (by someone) by 3:00 p.m.

We were being watched by a strange man.

  1. Tokyo will hold the Olympics in 2020.

The Olympics will be held in* Tokyo in 2020. (*’in’ is more natural here than ‘by’, though ‘by’ is correct also.)

  1. We are working on the report right now.

The report is being worked on right now (by us).

  1. My manager has told him to arrive earlier.

He has been told (by my manager) to arrive earlier.

  1. They could not have made the mistake.

The mistake could not have been made by them.

  1. I hope they are going to hire me soon.

I hope I am going to be hired by them soon.

Advanced Exercise #3 – All Verb Tenses

Look at the subject and verb to determine if it is an active or passive sentence. Then add the appropriate verb. Be careful with intransitive verbs (verbs that do not have an object – they cannot be used in the passive voice.)

  1. That car looks like it has never (wash).
  2. If I were you, I would (contact) a lawyer.
  3. Have you (inform) yet about the new policy?
  4. Unfortunately, the budget has (not/approve) yet.
  5. A smile (appear) on her face.
  6. We (wait) for 30 minutes. Where is the bus?
  1. The performance (happen) right now. Let’s go.
  2. I’ll be happy if our plan (succeed).
  3. The server (order) to clean up the mess he had made.
  4. The judge ordered that smoking (prohibit) in restaurants.
  5. His grandfather (pass away) years ago.
  6. Janet rode an airplane yesterday for the first time. The airplane, which (operate) by Singapore Airlines, (fly) by an experienced pilot.
  7. I wouldn’t have complained if the food (not/be) overcooked.

I hope these passive voice exercises have been useful. Find a mistake? Have a question? Leave a comment below.

— Created by Matthew Barton of Englishcurrent.com (copyright)

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30 comments on “ Passive Voice: Intermediate & Advanced Exercises (and Explanation) ”

What do I do now?

Thnx.. It helps me ✌

I did not like that the answers were given all at once and could not go back to see my own and they were right just slightly different.

I would add more guiding and explanations as to why you might be incorrect.

I feel that this exercise was helpful in advancing my knowledge about passive and active voice. This is because I was able to complete different examples of the voices and develop a better understanding of when they are used.

Passive voice is easy now. Thanks EnglishCurrent.com! I am monky

Thanks Englishcurrent! Because of you, passive voices are as easy as a snap!

“We decided not to hire anyone” change the voice

Anyone was not decided to hire by us.

We decided anyone was not to be hired

A very good exercise with a good set of questions. Thanks :-]

Amazing it helped me a lot.
Also reading this + solving the exercises helped me to identify which sentence is the A/V and which sentence is in P/V.
-Ayna Waseem

It is a great exercise for my students to practice after the have reviewed the topic in class.

Nice web page
To solve many problems of active and passive voice.

Amazing
It helps me alot
Thanx

Hello. It is very interesting your didactic and I really appreciate it!
I would like to ask about the sentence:
The judge ordered that smoking
be prohibited
(prohibit) in restaurants.

Why this sentence is in this way?
My very thanks.

Hello. The verb ‘ordered’ is a verb that can be used in the subjunctive mood. This mood is formal. For example, the verb ‘suggest’ can be used in the subjunctive, e.g. ‘I suggest he be fired’. See here for more details: https://www.englishclub.com/grammar/subjunctive.htm

i agree with you but don”t you think there are more wrong sentences?I think this is a little wired . ;)

the tests was a bit confusing but somehow noticed my mistakes.

Yes it was very helpful, thank you.

It was very helpful,thank you have a nice day;)

Why is it ‘The judge ordered that smoking be prohibited’ and not The judge ordered that smoking will be prohibited’ ?

Hello. ‘Melina’ asked the same question in March. Look up about 5 comments and you’ll see my answer.

hello, I have 2 questions, I didn’t understand what tense to use in the senteneces 4. The judge ordered that smoking … (prohibit) in restaurants. 6. The airplane, which … (operate) by Singapore Airlines, … (fly) by an experienced pilot. Could you help me?

4. be prohibited. For help with this, see the comment from Melina above.
6. was operated, was flown. I can see that for this question, it’s not clear why the past tense should be used instead of the present or future. I will make the question clearer.

Very nice and very easy for me ;)

Which sentence is wrong? Provide a specific example.

Источник

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