Mixed conditionals упражнения pdf

Mixed Conditional – правила, примеры, упражнения

Те из вас, кто знаком с теорией условных предложений, знают, что условные предложения бывают нескольких типов:

Каждый из этих типов используется в определенных условиях.

Zero Conditional – 100% реальные условия, истина, факт.

If you heat water to 100 Celsius, it boils. – Если нагреть воду до 100 градусов, она закипает.

Conditional I – гипотетические ситуации в будущем (real)

If the weather is rainy, John will stay at home. – Если погода будет дождливой, Джон останется дома.

Conditional II – гипотетические ситуации в настоящем (unreal)

If the weather were rainy, John would stay at home. – Если бы погода (сейчас) была дождливой, то Джон остался бы дома.

Conditional III – гипотетические ситуации в прошлом (unreal)

If the weather had been rainy, John would have stayed at home. – Если бы погода (раньше) была дождливой, то Джон остался бы дома.

Как видим, каждый из типов условных предложений можно отнести к определенному времени, для которого характерно то или иное условие.

  • Zero Conditional – всегда.
  • Conditional I – будущее.
  • Conditional II – настоящее.
  • Conditional III – прошедшее.

А что делать с условными предложениями как, к примеру, следующее:

Если бы я тогда выиграл в лотерею, то сейчас я был бы сказочно богат.

Первая часть предложения – само условие – относится к прошедшему времени, а потому требует использования Conditional III. Вторая же часть относится к настоящему и требует Conditional II. Как поступить в таких случаях? Какой тип условного предложения использовать? Ответ прост – mixed conditional или условное предложение смешанного типа.

Mixed conditionals – правила.

Паттерны Mixed conditionals.

Условные предложения смешанного типа могут строится по следующим паттернам:

Conditional III + Conditional II (При условии, что что-то произошло в прошлом, сейчас бы сложилась определенная ситуация)

If Мegan had taken French at school, she would have much more job opportunities now. – Если бы Меган изучала французский в школе, она бы имела гораздо больше возможностей для трудоустройства сейчас.

If Nikolai had been born in the US, he wouldn’t need a visa to work there. – Если бы Николай был рожден в США, ему не нужна была бы виза, чтобы работать там.

Conditional II + Conditional III (если бы не условие, верное в целом (в т.ч. на данный момент), то что-то произошло бы в прошлом).

If Nick were rich, he would have bought that Ferrari yesterday. – Если бы Ник был богат, он купил бы тот Феррари вчера.

If Sally spoke Russian, she would have translated that letter. – Если бы Салли говорила по-русски, она бы перевела то письмо.

Таким образом, сделаем вывод:

Смешанный тип условных предложений (Mixed Conditional) – особый тип условных предложений, в которых условие может относится к настоящему или будущему времени, а следствие – к прошедшему, или наоборот, условие – к прошедшему, а следствие – к настоящему или будущему.

Упражнения на Mixed Conditionals.

Упражнение 1. Вставьте нужное время.

  1. If I __________ (not go) on my business trip next week, I ____________ (accept) that assignment at work yesterday.
  2. If Sam ________ (take) an aspirin, she _________ (have) a headache now
  3. If Kate ______ (have) enough money, she________ (can do) this trip to Hawaii last year.
  4. If he _________ (take) the medication as prescribed, Anthony _________ (be lying) sick in bed.
  5. If Molly __________ (take) reasonable precautions, she __________ (be) pregnant now.
  6. If old Sam __________ (not run) after the car thief and _________ (not suffer) a heart attack, he ___________ (be) alive today.
  7. If he __________ (not be) such a poor dancer, Nickolas __________ (get) a job in that musical last week.
  8. If Polly _________ (not be) so blind to Jack’s faults, she ___________ (realize) that Jack was out to swindle her.
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Разделите эти условные предложения смешанного типа на 2 группы:

  1. IF + 2ND CONDITIONAL | 3RD CONDITIONAL
  2. IF + 3RD CONDITIONAL | 2ND CONDITIONAL
  1. If I were you, I would have bought that violet hat.
  2. If Jillian had studied at school, she would have a diploma now.
  3. If Nick had turned in his application, he would probably be working here now.
  4. If our parents had recorded that show last night, the children could watch it now.
  5. If Rosemary had not called Sally, they wouldn’t be going to the party tomorrow.
  6. If Nataly and Liz had finished the chores, they would be able to watch TV now.
  7. If the TV set had not broken, the boys would watch the game this weekend.
  8. If Jim spoke better French, he could have got that job.
  9. If you were smarter, you wouldn’t have borrowed money from Sam.

Упражнение 3. Подчеркните правильный вариант.

  1. Melody wouldn’t have come/ wouldn’t come by bus if she could / can drive.
  2. If I was / were him, I will not quit / wouldn’t have quit my work until I’d found another one.
  3. You wouldn’t be / are not so tired if you went / ‘d gone to bed earlier.
  4. David went / would go to Kenya next month if he had got/ would have got the job yesterday.
  5. If we won / had won lottery last night, we will / would be rich now.

1 Weren’t going / would have accepted, 2 had taken / wouldn’t have, 3 had / could have done, 4 had taken / wouldn’t still be lying, 5 had taken / wouldn’t be, 6 hadn’t run / hadn’t suffered / would be 7 weren’t / would have got 8 weren’t /would have realized,

  1. wouldn’t have come / could
  2. were / wouldn’t have quit
  3. would not be / ‘d gone
  4. would go / had got
  5. had won / would

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Грамматика. Mixed Conditionals
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Mixed Conditionals (VIII)

Using the words in parentheses, complete the text below following the example given with the appropriate conditional form.

1.a. She will take care of the children for us next weekend because her business trip was canceled.

1.b. But, she (take, not) would not be taking care of the children for us next weekend if her business trip (be, not) had not been canceled.

2.a. Marie is unhappy because she gave up her career when she got married.

2.b. But, Marie (be) _________________ happy if she (give, not) __________________ up her career when she got married.

3.a. Professor Schmitz talked so much about the Maasai tribe because she is an expert on African tribal groups.

3.b. But, Professor Schmitz (talk, not) ________________________ so much about the Maasai tribe if she (be, not) ____________________ an expert on African tribal groups.

4.a. I am unemployed because I had a disagreement with my boss and I was fired.

4.b. But, I (be, not) _____________________ unemployed if I (have, not) __________

______________ a disagreement with my boss and I (be, not) _______________ fired.

5.a. Nicole speaks Chinese fluently because she lived in China for ten years.

5.b. But, Nicole (speak, not) _____________________ Chinese fluently if she (live, not) __________________________ in China for ten years.

6.a. I will not help you study for your test because you have spent the last two weeks partying and wasting time.

6.b. But, I (help) _______________________ you study for your test if you (spend, not) ______________________________ the last two weeks partying and wasting time.

7.a. Eleanor and Ben are not going skiing with us this year because Eleanor just had a baby.

7.b. But, Eleanor and Ben (go) ________________________ skiing with us this year if Eleanor (have, not, just) _____________________________ a baby.

8.a. I am completely exhausted, so I will not go with you to the movies tonight.

8.b. But, if I (be, not) ___________________ completely exhausted, I (go) __________

________________________ with you to the movies tonight.

9.a. Frank is not going to the graduation ceremony because he broke his leg snowboarding last week.

9.b. But, Frank (go) ___________________ to the graduation ceremony if he (break) __________________________ his leg snowboarding last week.

10.a. They are not releasing the prisoner next month because there was so much public opposition to his parole.

10.b. But, they (release) ______________________ the prisoner next month if there (be) __________________________ so much opposition to his parole.

Mixed Conditionals (Answers)

Using the words in parentheses, complete the text below following the example given with the appropriate conditional form, then click the «Check» button to check your answers.

1.a. She will take care of the children for us next weekend because her business trip was canceled.

1.b. But, she (take, not) would not be taking care of the children for us next weekend if her business trip (be, not) had not been canceled.

2.a. Marie is unhappy because she gave up her career when she got married.

2.b. But, Marie (be) would be happy if she (give, not) had not given up her career when she got married.

3.a. Professor Schmitz talked so much about the Maasai tribe because she is an expert on African tribal groups.

3.b. But, Professor Schmitz (talk, not) wouldn’t have talked so much about the Maasai tribe if she (be, not) were not an expert on African tribal groups.

4.a. I am unemployed because I had a disagreement with my boss and I was fired.

4.b. But, I (be, not) wouldn’t be unemployed if I (have, not) had not had a disagreement with my boss and I (be, not) hadn’t been fired.

5.a. Nicole speaks Chinese fluently because she lived in China for ten years.

5.b. But, Nicole (speak, not) wouldn’t speak Chinese fluently if she (live, not) hadn’t lived in China for ten years.

6.a. I will not help you study for your test because you have spent the last two weeks partying and wasting time.

6.b. But, I (help) would help you study for your test if you (spend, not) hadn’t spent the last two weeks partying and wasting time.

7.a. Eleanor and Ben are not going skiing with us this year because Eleanor just had a baby.

7.b. But, Eleanor and Ben (go) would go skiing with us this year if Eleanor (have, not, just) had not just had a baby.

8.a. I am completely exhausted, so I will not go with you to the movies tonight.

8.b. But, if I (be, not) were not completely exhausted, I (go) would go with you to the movies tonight.

9.a. Frank is not going to the graduation ceremony because he broke his leg snowboarding last week.

9.b. But, Frank (go) would go to the graduation ceremony if he (break) hadn’t broken his leg snowboarding last week.

10.a. They are not releasing the prisoner next month because there was so much public opposition to his parole.

10.b. But, they (release) would release the prisoner next month if there (be) had not been so much opposition to his parole.

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Mixed conditional sentences (type 0, 1, 2, 3)

  • PDF worksheets with keys
  • Exercises with answers
  • Grammar rules with examples

English grammar books PDF

Read more about English grammar books PDF on e-grammar.org.

Mixed conditionals exercises

Online exercises with keys:

Conditional sentences exercises All types (0, 1, 2, 3) Online exercises and grammar rules with examples.

PDF worksheets with answers:

(Pre-intermediate — advanced levels.)

  • Respond to situations:
    My sister is ill. She won’t go out. — If my sister wasn’t ill, she ___ out.
  • Correct mistakes:
    If I were you, I wouldn’t have done it now. — ___
  • Choose correct forms:
    Say hello to Lilly if you ___ her. (will see | see)
  • Complete mixed conditional sentences:
    I’d have my driving licence if I ___ at the traffic lights. (stop)

More PDF worksheets:

Zero conditional exercises PDF I always take my umbrella if it rains.

First conditional exercises PDF I will take my umbrella if it rains.

Second conditional exercises PDF I would take my umbrella if it rained.

Third conditional exercises PDF I would have taken my umbrella if it had rained.

English grammar tests PDF Printable tests to download for free.

PDF grammar rules:

Mixed conditionals rules PDF Printable grammar rules with examples.

English grammar All PDF grammar rules on this website.

All these materials are written for students and teachers of English as a foreign language.

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