Like verb ing упражнения

Infinitive or gerund. Упражнения с ответами

Упражнения Infinitive or gerund помогут Вам закрепить знания по теме и более не ошибаться в случаях, когда нужно использовать to-infinitive, bare infinitive (без частички to) или ing-form (инговую форму глагола). Упражнения на герундий и инфинитив предлагаются с ответами для самоконтроля. Надеюсь, Вам понравиться. Если у Вас возникнут вопросы – не стесняйтесь и задавайте их в комментариях. Я отвечу на все вопросы, как только появлюсь на сайте :). Вы также можете вспомнить правила употребления инфинитива и герундия, а также случаи когда инфинитив употребляется с частицей to и без нее.

Кстати, если Вы не уверены в том, что можете правильно добавить окончание –ing к глаголу – прочтите статью Ing-form. Participle I: как образовать правильно?

Infinitive or gerund exercises.

Упражнение 1. Complete the sentences with the expression get a good job. Use the Infinitive or the -ing form of the verb get.

  1. I want _________________________.
  2. I suggest _________________________.
  3. I decided _________________________.
  4. I recommend _________________________.
  5. I hope _________________________.
  6. I feel like _________________________.
  7. I managed _________________________.
  8. I am trying _________________________.
  9. I would appreciate _________________________.
  10. I will not refuse _________________________.
  11. I agree _________________________.
  12. I have denied _________________________.

Упражнение 2. Tick the correct item.

1 Greg enjoys … in the rain.

□ walk □ walking □ to walk

  1. I’d like … Molly an e-mail now.

□ send □sending □ to send

□ do □ doing □ to do

  1. The cold coach watched his team … football.

□ play □ playing □ to play

  1. I prefer … detective stories.

□ read □ reading □ to read

  1. Would you like something …?

□ drink □ drinking □ to drink

Упражнение 3. Use Infinitive or -ing form.

  1. It was quite late when they saw Martin … (come) up the other side of the street. They saw him … (pause) in front of his house, … (look) up at it and … (knock) at the door.
  2. My parents let me (stay) at Molly’s house last weekend. They agreed … (take) me to his place in the car and they made me (promise) to behave myself.
  3. Mel hates (answer) the phone. And very often Mel just lets it … (ring).
  4. At first Jenny enjoyed … (listen) to Steven but after a while she got tired of … (hear) the same story.
  5. Polly can’t (go) to the cinema today. She’s busy … (study) for her exam, which is next week, but she’s decided … (take) a break and … (phone) Megan.
  6. I tried … (listen) carefully and in order (not/show) how I was embarrassed, I did my best … (keep) the conversation … (go) on one topic and another.

Упражнение 4. Прочитайте предложения. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

  1. Peace activist Baroness Bertha von Suttner encouraged Alfred Nobel . a prize for peace. (establish / to establish / establishing / to be established)
  2. The police officer made Neil get out of the car and demanded … his driver’s licence.(see / seeing / to see / to be seen)
  3. In the time of Peter the Great the noblemen were not allowed … beards. (have / to have / having / having had)
  4. They wouldn’t let . the country without the entry visa, would they? (him to enter / he enters / him enter / him entering)
  5. Fred couldn’t make … that he had caught the huge fish himself. (I believed/ me believe / me believed / me to believe)
  6. Nick was very close to the phone-box and Mary noticed him … the number, and then she heard him . something to passer-by. (to dial, to say / dialing, to say / to dial, say / dial, say)
  7. Nick was seen . the hall and then Jane watched him . (enter, go away / be entered, to go away / enter, go away / to have entered, to be gone away)
  8. It’s too late now, but I will always regret . John to do the work. (to ask / asking / ask / to be asked)
  9. My friend Moira stopped . whole milk because she is on a diet. (to buy / buying / buy / to be bought)
  10. They were allowed. discussing the plans, so their partner introduced himself and went on to talk about the project. (to continue / continuing / continue / to be continued)
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Упражнение 5 Put one of the given verbs in the correct form – infinitive or gerund:

to see, to lock, to explain, to go, to show, to play, to listen, to do, to write, to earn, to discuss, to drive, to look, to speak, to understand, to do, to stay, to work, to spend

  1. I wish . the manager.— It’s no use . to him.
  2. Don’t forget . the door before . to bed.
  3. My mother told me not . to anyone about it.
  4. He tried . but she didn’t want .
  5. Would you mind . me how the lift works?
  6. I’m beginning . what you mean.
  7. The boys like . tennis but not . this in bad weather.
  8. Try . this correctly.
  9. He likes . in his cabinet.
  10. I prefer . my car myself.
  11. I advise you . at my place and . for a new flat.
  12. Let’s . this tomorrow, I’m tired now.
  13. Most people prefer . money. Some don’t want . them.

Упражнение 6. Complete the sentences using either the Infinitive or Gerund. Insert prepositions if necessary. Раскройте скобки, употребив герундий или инфинитив (с или без частицы to). Если нужно, вставьте предлог

  1. He used . (think) that life ended at 40, but now when he’s 41, he knows it’s not true.
  2. . (make) such a terrible noise!
  3. It’s five in the morning. I’m not used . (get) up this early,
  4. It’s impossible. (cut) with this knife. It’s blunt.
  5. My father enjoys . (listen) to jazz music.
  6. I’m sorry. (hear) that your mother isn’t well.
  7. Harry looked so funny that I couldn’t help . (laugh).
  8. I couldn’t help them . (find) what they were looking for as I was in too much of a hurry.
  9. I’d like. (cook) something special when guests come.
  10. What do you feel like. (do) tonight?
  11. My dad promised . (buy) me a bike if I passed my exams well.
  12. I hate. (wait) in queues. It really annoys me.
  13. I looked forward . (see) you again soon.
  14. It’s difficult . (concentrate) when there’s loud playing on the radio.
  15. We stopped for a while . (admire) the scenery.
  16. He can’t afford . (hire) a taxi every day.
  17. Is it worth . (run) such an awful risk?
  18. Would you mind . (fetch) another chair?
  19. I offered . (pay) for the meal, but she refused.
  20. I’m sorry. (disturb) you, but could you tell me the time?
  21. My younger sister can’t stop. (eat) sweets.
  22. He dislikes. (spend) money on car repairs.
  23. I remember. (go) to Venice as a child.
  24. . (call) Mike
  25. I suggested . (call) a taxi so we wouldn’t be late.
  26. I can’t stand . (wait) in queues.
  27. There used to . (be) a cinema in our village but it closed down three years ago.
  28. He is Spanish so he’s used . (drive) on the right.
  29. Did you remember . (send) your sister a card? It’s her birthday today.
  30. Have you tried . (read) a book to help you to sleep?
  31. Nowadays I’m used. (go) to bed early.
  32. He’ll never forget . (see) the Grand Canyon for the first time.
  33. He offered . (drive) me to the airport.
  34. I’ll stop . (lend) you money if you waste it on cigarettes.
  35. Maya stopped . (tie) her shoelace.
  36. John suggested . (go) together in one car.
  37. Will you stop . (make) so much noise, boys?
  38. It’s difficult to get used . (sleep) in a tent after having a soft, comfortable bed to lie on.
  39. Linda offered . (look after) my cat while I was out of town.
  40. Could you please stop. (whistle)! I’m trying . (concentrate) on my work.

Переходим к ответам на упражнения по герундию и инфинитиву.

ОТВЕТЫ

Exercise 1.

To get a good job – 1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 10, 11

Getting a good job – 2, 4, 6, 9, 12

Exercise 2.

1 walking; 2 to send, 3 to do; 4 playing; 5 reading; 6 to drink

Exercise 3.

  1. come, pause, look, knock 2. stay, to take, promise 3. answering, ring 4. listening, hearing 5, go, studying, to take, to phone 6 to listen, not to show, to keep, going.

Exercise 4.

1 to establish, 2 to see, 3 to have, 4 him enter, 5 me believe, 6 dial, say, 7 enter, 8 go away, 9 asking, 10 to continue

Exercise 5.

1 to see / writing , 2 to lock / going, 3 to speak / to listen, 4 to explain / to listen, 5 showing, 6 to understand, 7 to play (playing) / to do 8 to do, 9 to work или working , 10 to drive или driving 11 to stay / to look 12 discuss 13 to earn (earning) / to spend или to spend (spending) / to earn.

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Exercise 6.

1 to think, 2 making, 3 to getting, 4 to cut, 5 listening, 6 to hear, 7 laughing, 8 find, 9 to cook, 10 doing, 11 to buy, 12 waiting, 13 to seeing, 14 to concentrate, 15 to admire, 16 to hire, 17 running, 18 fetching, 19 to pay, 20 to disturb, 21 eating, 22 spending, 23 going, 24 to call, 25 calling, 26 waiting, 27 be, 28 to driving, 29 to send, 30 reading, 31 to going, 32 seeing, 33 to drive, 34 lending, 35 to tie, 36 going, 37 making, 38 to sleeping, 39 to look after, 40 whistling / to concentrate

Надеюсь, вам понравились эти упражнения на герундий и инфинитив

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11 Комментариев для “Infinitive or gerund. Упражнения с ответами”

Ing-form. Participle I: как образовать правильно?

Read more at:ссылочки нет для перехода, но я нашла )) по поисковику, а было бы удjбнее сразу. Спасибо за Ваш ресурс!

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Unit 58 Герундий или инфинитив после I like / I would like

Упражнения для закрепления материала:

Герундий или инфинитив после I like / I would like

Глаголы like love hate

Эти глаголы означают наши чувства и отношение к чему-либо. Обычно после них идет герундий (глагол с ing), но встречается вариант — инфинитив с to. Данное правило разные грамматики трактуют по разному.

Если вы говорите о чувствах по отношению к тому, что делаете регулярно, используйте либо инфинитив с to, либо герундий.

Ann hates flying. — Энн ненавидит летать на самолете.

Если выражают отношение к тому, что существует, то после глаголов чувственного восприятия обычно используют герундий:

I like being a student? — Тебе нравится быть студентом?

В британском английском есть небольшая разница между I like doing и I like to do.
I like doing something — мне это нравится, я получаю от этого удовольствие.
Do you like cooking? — Ты любишь готовить? (получаешь от этого удовольствие)

I like to do something — я думаю, это хорошо и правильно (но необязательно это доставляет мне удовольствие)
Mary likes people to be on time. — Мэри любит, когда люди приходят вовремя. (она считает, что это правильно).

После would like/would love/would hate/would prefer обычно идет инфинитив с to:
I would like to be rich. — Я бы хотел быть богатым.

Но после would mind идет герундий.
Would you mind closing the door, please? — Ты не возражаешь против того, чтобы закрыть окно.

I would like to have done something = я жалею (в настоящем), что не смог этого сделать (в прошлом). Можно использовать to have done something и после would love/would hate/would prefer.

We would like to have gone on holiday but we didn’t have enough money. — Мы жалеем, что не поехали на каникулы, но у нас не было денег.

Упражнения для закрепления материала:

3 thoughts on “ Unit 58 Герундий или инфинитив после I like / I would like ”

I like being a student? — Тебе нравится быть студентом?
по моему ту ошибка

такой вариант возможен. Перевдится
«мне нравится это состояние — быть студентом»

Там
Должно быть do you like instead of I like

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Глагол + -ing или инфинитив to . 3: употребление like / would like и т.п.

Когда мы говорим о повторяющихся действиях, мы можем использовать -ing или to . после этих глаголов. Т.е. вы можете сказать:

  • Do you like getting up early? или Do you like to get up early?
  • Stephanie hates flying. или Stephanie hates to fly.
  • I love meeting people. или I love to meet people.
  • I don’t like being kept waiting. или . like to be kept waiting.
  • I don’t like friends calling me at work. or . friends to call me at work.

Мы используем -ing (не to . ), когда мы говорим о ситуации, которая уже существует (или существовала). Например:

  • Paul lives in Berlin now. He likes living there. (He likes living in Berlin = он там живет и ему это нравится)
  • Do you like being a student? (Ты студент – тебе это нравится?)
  • The office I worked in was horrible. I hated working there. (Я там работал, и я ненавидел это)

Иногда есть разница между I like to do и I like doing:

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I like doing something = я делаю это, и я получаю от этого удовольствие:

  • I like cleaning the kitchen. (= я получаю удовольствие от уборки.)

I like to do something = я думаю, что это хорошо, но я не обязательно получаю от этого удовольствие:

  • It’s not my favourite job, but I like to clean the kitchen as often as possible.

Заметьте, что после enjoy и mind всегда следует -ing (не to . ):

  • I enjoy cleaning the kitchen. (notI enjoy to clean)
  • I don’t mind cleaning the kitchen. (notI don’t mind to clean)

После would like / would love и т.п. обычно следует частица to . :

  • I’d like (= would like) to go away for a few days.
  • Would you like to come to dinner on Friday?
  • I wouldn’t like to go on holiday alone.
  • I’d love to meet your family.
  • Would you prefer to have dinner now or later?

Сравните I like и I would like (I’d like):

  • I like playing tennis. / I like to play tennis. (= я люблю играть в теннис, в общем)
  • I’d like to play tennis today. (= я хочу поиграть сегодня)

После would mind всегда следует -ing (не to . ):

  • Would you mind closing the door, please?
    Не могли бы вы закрыть дверь, пожалуйста?

I would like to have done something = сейчас я сожалею, что не сделал или не мог что-либо сделать:

  • It’s a pity we didn’t see Val when we were in London. I would like to have seen her again.
    Жаль, что мы не видели Валю, когда были в Лондоне. Я бы хотел увидеть ее снова.
  • We’d like to have gone away, but we were too busy at home.
    Нам бы хотелось уйти, но мы были слишком заняты дома.

Вы можете использовать эту же кострукцию после would love / would hate / would prefer:

  • Poor old David! I would hate to have been in his position.
    Бедняга Дэвид! Я бы очень не хотел оказаться в его положении.
  • I’d love to have gone to the party, but it was impossible.
    Я бы с радостью сходил на вечеринку, но это было невозможно.

Упражнения

1. Напишите предложения о себе. Скажите нравится или не нравится вам указанная в скобках деятельность. Выберите один из этих глаголов для каждого предложения:

like / don’t like love hate enjoy don’t mind

2. Составьте предложения из слов в скобках. Используйте -ing или to . . Иногда возможны оба варианта.

  1. Paul lives in Berlin now. It’s nice. He likes it.
    (he / like / live / there)
  2. Jane is a biology teacher. She likes her job.
    (she / like / teach / biology)
  3. Joe always carries his camera with him and takes a lot of photographs.
    (he / like / take / photographs)
  4. I used to work in a supermarket. I didn’t like it much.
    (I / not / like / work / there)
  5. Rachel is studying medicine. She likes it.
    (she / like / study / medicine)
  6. Dan is famous, but he doesn’t like it.
    (he / not / like / be / famous)
  7. Jennifer is a very cautious person. She doesn’t take many risks.
    (she / not / like / take / risks)
  8. I don’t like surprises.
    (I / like / know / things / in advance)

3. Закончите каждое предложение глаголом в правильной форме: -ing или to . . В одном из предложений возможна любая из форм.

  1. It’s good to visit other places – I enjoy .
  2. ‘Would you like down?’ ‘No, thanks. I’ll stand.’
  3. I’m not quite ready yet. Would you mind a little longer?
  4. When I was a child, I hated to bed early.
  5. When I have to catch a train, I’m always worried that I’ll miss it. So I like to the station in plenty of time.
  6. I enjoy busy. I don’t like it when there’s nothing to do.
  7. I would love to your wedding, but I’m afraid it isn’t possible.
  8. I don’t like in this part of town. I want to move somewhere else.
  9. Do you have a minute? I’d like to you about something.
  10. If there’s bad news and good news, I like the bad news first.

4. Напишите предложения, используя would . to have (done). Используйте глаголы в скобках.

  1. It’s a pity I couldn’t go to the wedding. (like)
  2. It’s a pity I didn’t see the programme. (like)
  3. I’m glad I didn’t lose my watch. (hate)
  4. It’s a pity I didn’t meet your parents. (love)
  5. I’m glad I wasn’t alone. (not / like)
  6. It’s a pity I couldn’t travel by train. (prefer)

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