If clause and when clauses упражнения

Conditionals. Упражнения на первое, второе и третье условие (повторение)

Итак, настало время обобщить все изученное по теме » Условные предложения в английском языке» и проверить на практике, как хорошо вы отличаете реальное и нереальное условие. Вас ждут упражнения по теме «Conditionals». Данные упражнения относятся к уровню средний, так как самое сложное (смешанное) условие осталось пока за кадром.

Conditionals. Упражнения на все виды условных предложений (повторение)

Упражнение 1. Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках в нужную форму.

1. If I see him, I (tell) him the news. 2. The table will break if you (stand) on it. 3. If he (eat) all the cakes, he will be ill. 4. If I find уour book, I (let) you know. 5. The police (arrest) him if they catch him. 6. If he (read) late at night, he is sleepy in the morning. 7. If he (need) a pen, he can borrow mine. 8. Your car (be stolen) if you left it unlocked. 9. The teacher will get angry if you (make) many mistakes. 10. She will be furious if she (hear) this. 11. If you boil some water, I (make) tea. 12. If you leave your bag here, it (be lost). 13. You’ll miss the bus if you (not/leave) at once. 14. If you come late, they (not/let) you in.

Упражнение 2. Употребите глаголы, данные в скобках, так, чтобы предло­жения выражали реальное условие.

1. He (be) very pleased if it (be) really true. 2. If you (go) to town on Monday, you (meet) my brother Tom. 3. If you (need) help, my father (help) you. 4. We (have) a picnic lunch if the day (be) fine. 5. If you (ask) a policeman, he (tell) you the way. 6. I (finish) the job tomorrow if I (can). 7. I (not/take) an umbrella if (not/rain). 8. If they (catch) the bus now, they (arrive) at half past nine. 9. He (find) the answers if he (look) in the keys. 10. If he (write) to her, she (answer) at once. 11. He (lose) weight if he (stop) eating too much. 12. If she (be) patient, I (try) to explain. 13. If we (leave) at once, we (catch) the ear­ly train. 14. If she (drink) this medicine, she (feel) much better.

Упражнение 3. Раскройте скобки таким образом, чтобы предложения выра­жали: а) реальное условие; b) нереальное условие.

1. If I (know), I (tell) you. 2. If she (want) to talk, she (ring up). 3. If he (have) enough money, he (buy) a large house. 4. She (feel) lonely if Peter (go) away. 5. We (be) pleased to see you if you (arrive). 6. If we (can) come on Sunday, we (come). 7. I (understand) Mr Smith if he (speak) slowly. 8. We (not/go) by ship unless there (be) no other way.

Упражнение 4. Выберите наиболее подходящие типы условных предложений и раскройте скобки.

1. If it (rain), I won’t go out. 2. You would learn more if you (study) sometimes. 3. If he (ask) me, I would have told him the answer. 4. You would have done well if you (take) my advice. 5. I wouldn’t phone you here unless it (be) urgent. 6. She’ll catch cold, if her feet (get) wet in this weather. 7. Unless you apologize at once, I never (speak) to you again. 8. If we (have) nothing to do, life would be boring.

Упражнение 5. Закончите предложения.

  1. If I had enough money ….
  2. If it doesn’t rain soon … .
  3. I’ll stay at home if … .
  4. I wouldn’t have come to the theatre on time if …
  5. If I left home for work earlier ….
  6. If I won a prize … .
  7. If I were a king … .
  8. If I told my parents the truth ….
  9. If I were you ….
  10. If I were rich ….

Упражнение 6. Отметьте предложения, в которых допущены ошибки.

a) What would you study when you went to college next year?
b) What will you study if you go to the college next year?

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a) What will you be when you grow up?
b) What you be if you grow up?

a) If she hadn’t broken the window, she wouldn’t have had to pay for it.
b) If she hasn’t broken the window, she wouldn’t have had to pay for it.

a) I wouldn’t do that if I were you.
b) I wouldn’t do that if I was you.

a) My mother will blame me if she knew.
b) My mother will blame me if she knows.

Упражнение 7. Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках в нужную форму.

1. If I tell you a secret, you (promise) to keep it? 2. If I had a player typewriter, I (listen) to music. 3. If I (know) her address, I’d write a letter to her. 4. If he had worked slowly, he (not/make) so many mis­takes. 5. I could tell you the truth if I (know). 6. He might get fat if he (not/stop) eating much. 7. I (have) a car if I could afford it. 8. What would you do if you (get) stuck between two floors? 9. If he (know) that it was dangerous he wouldn’t come. 10. If I (win) a big money prize, I’d give up my job.

Упражнение 8. Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках в нужную форму.

  1. If you (arrive) ten minutes earlier, you would have got a seat.
  2. I shouldn’t have believed it if I (not/see) it with my own eye.
  3. If you had told me that beforehand, I (find) some money for you.
  4. If he had asked you, you (answer)?
  5. If I (have) a book, I wouldn’t have been bored.
  6. If you (speak) slowly, he might have understood you.
  7. I (take) a taxi if I had understood that it was too late.
  8. If I (be) ready when he called, he would have taken me with him.
  9. She had a headache, otherwise she (come).
  10. If my mother (know) about the party, she would have baked a cake.
  11. If I (try) again, I think that I would have succeeded.
  12. If I were you, I (not/buy) such expensive things.
  13. If I (live) in the country, I would have a dog.
  14. What you (do) if someone gave you a million pounds?
  15. If I (be) you, I would look for another job.
  1. But for the rain we (reach) the station on time.
  2. But for the weather I (enjoy) my holidays.
  3. But for the mosquitoes I (sleep) well.

Упражнение 9. Объедините предложения по СМЫСЛУ.

  1. He can find a cheap flat. He’ll stay here for two more weeks.
  2. They don’t speak English, so their English doesn’t improve.
  3. The baby is a girl. They’ll call her Ann.
  4. He doesn’t work overtime. He doesn’t earn much.
  5. He didn’t help me. I didn’t do my work on time.
  6. I didn’t see the signal, so I didn’t stop.
  7. We didn’t visit the museum because we had no time.
  8. The shop is closed. I can’t buy milk for supper.

Упражнение 10. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в правильной форме.


Laura (live) in a big city. If she (live) in the country, she (have) a dog. Laura (share) a flat with three other girls. But if it (be) possible, she (live) on her own. If she (live) in the country, she (buy) a little cot­tage, and she (grow) her own flowers and vegetables. In town, she (travel) by underground and (go) shopping in big department stores, but she (not/like) it at all. If she (lived) in the country, she (ride) her bike, and she (buy) things in the little village shop. She (love) walking and often (go) for a walk in town, but the streets are noisy. In the country, she (walk) across the fields with her dog.

Упражнение 11. Переведите на английский

1.Если увидишь Тома, попроси его позвонить мне. 2. Я бы получил эту работу, если бы у меня было образование (position, had a degree). 3. Если бы у меня была машина, я бы не опоздал на поезд. 4. Если бы он знал, что ты вчера был дома, он бы зашел. 5. Будь я на твоем месте, я бы стал просить ее помочь.

Упражнение 12. Переведите на английский язык. Обозначьте (РУ – реальное условие, НУ – нереальное условие)

  1. Я куплю хлеб, если магазин все еще будет открыт.
  2. На твоем месте я бы последовал совету родителей. (follow)
  3. Если мы приедем рано, будет не трудно купить билеты на концерт.
  4. Если бы у меня было 5 тысяч евро, я бы отправился на Гаити (Haiti).
  5. Если бы мне не нужно было идти, я бы с удовольствием поболтал с тобой.
  6. Тебе следует заняться чем-то новым, если тебе скучно.
  7. Этот пирог был бы вкуснее, если бы ты добавил больше сахара.
  8. Если бы у меня было больше друзей, я был бы счастливее.
  9. Если мы пойдем куда –нибудь поесть (go out for a meal) , давай пойдем в ресторан.
  10. Растение засыхает, если ты не поливаешь его. (dry up)
  11. Если я сплю мало ночью, я засыпаю на уроках. (feel sleepy)
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ПОЗДРАВЛЯЮ! Вы закончили тему «Conditionals». Упражнения, которые вы выполнили, имеют ключи. Проверьте себя. Успехов в дальнейшем изучении английского языка!


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Условные предложения 1 типа. Упражнения

First Conditional — важная тема в английской грамматике. Условные предложения 1 типа употребляются очень часто. Поэтому Вам просто необходимо хорошенько отработать данную тему. Следующие 12 conditionals упражнения окажутся Вам, несомненно, полезными.

Давайте немного вспомним теорию!

I тип условных предложений

Эти предложения выражают вполне реальные, осуществимые предположения, относящиеся к будущему или настоящему времени.

Present Simple, Present Continuous, Present Perfect

Future Simple, can, may, might, must, should, Imperative

If the weather is nice, we’ll go for a walk. – Если погода будет хорошая, мы пойдём на прогулку.

If you have taken the books, you can start working on your article.

If you see Greg, ask him to ring me up.

Если вы увидите Грега, попросите его позвонить мне по

Как видите, употребление conditional 1 – не самая сложная тема. Несколько хороших упражнений – и Вы овладеете ей в совершенстве. Итак, переходим к conditionals упражнениям.

First Conditional Exercises.

Упражнение 1. Put the verbs in the brackets into the Present Indefinite or the Future Indefinite Tense.

  1. If Peter __________ (come) to my place, we__________ (go) to play in the yard.
  2. If Peter__________ (not come) to my place, I __________ (watch) TV.
  3. If Frank’s parents__________ (have) their holidays in summer, they __________ (go) to the seaside.
  4. If they __________ (have) their holidays in winter, they __________ (stay) at home.
  5. If the fog _______ (thicken), Harold _______ (put up) the tent for the night.
  6. When I _______ (finish) my work, I_______ (go) to the cinema.
  7. We_______ (buy) this book as soon as our mother_______ (give) us some money.
  8. When we _______ (come) to your place you_______ (show) us your present.
  9. I_______ (return) you your ring when you_______ (ask) me.
  10. I_______ (wait) for my friend until he_______ (come) from the shop.
  11. My father_______ (start) writing before the sun _______ (rise).
  12. As soon as you _______ (finish) your study I_______ (present) you with a new flat.

Упражнение 2. Put the verb in the brackets in the correct tense to form the First Conditional.

Maria is a girl from your country. She is studying English and she’d like to visit an English-speaking country.

If Maria (go) abroad, she (go) to England or America. She (visit) London if she (go) to England. If she (stay) in London, she (spend) much money. She (not be able) to stay for long if she (spend) all her money. If her holiday (be) very short, she (not practice) her English. It (be) a pity if she (not try) to speak English.

Упражнение 3. Make up conditional 1 sentences with if-clauses.

Example: Molly leave now / catch the bus .

— If Molly leaves now, she’ll catch the bus.

  1. stay in bed / feel better
  2. work hard / get a job
  3. go shopping / spend much money
  4. ride a bike / get there quickly —
  5. eat carrots/see well in the dark .
  6. come now/go out together

Упражнение 4. Connect the sentences with when or if to form the first conditional.

Jack will come. We shall play chess. — When Jack comes, we shall play chess.

  1. All the pupils will come to school tomorrow. We shall write a test then.
  2. I’ll meet Ann after school. I’ll give her my album.
  3. You’ll not do your homework. The teacher will be angry.
  4. Mike won’t come today. We’ll play football without him.
  5. I’ll finish school with good marks. My father will take me to the seaside. .
  6. My school record may not be very good. Mom will be very upset.
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Упражнение 5. Continue the chain stories. Use conditional 1.

If Brian has a lot of money, he’ll buy a bike.

If he buys a bike, he’ll .

If you don’t do well at school, you’ll become a bad pupil.

If you become a bad pupil, you’ll stay .

Упражнение 6. Study the list of prizes and speak for Nick and Tom, using conditional 1.

When Nick has breakfast at Tom’s house, he sees a packet of cornflakes on the table. On the back of it he sees this paper.


1st prize — a holiday in New York,

2nd prize — a motor-bike.

3rd-5th prize — a tent.

6th-12th prize — a cassette-recorder.

13th-20th prize — a camera.

21st-36th prize — an alarm-clock.

37th-50th prize — a book of flowers of Britain.

51st-99th prize — a T-shirt with Big Ben on it.

After reading it Tom has sent the answers.

a) Nick says to Tom:

  1. If you win the first prize, you’ll get a holiday in New York.
  2. If you win the second prize, you’ll get . .
  3. If you win the third prize, you’ll .
  4. If you win .
  5. If .
  6. If .
  7. If .
  8. If .
  1. If I win a holiday in New York, I’ll come and visit you.
  2. If I win …
  3. If I …
  4. If…
  5. If…
  6. If …
  7. If …
  8. If …

Упражнение 7. Make conditional sentences.

  1. I’ll buy a colour film and take a lot of pictures if …
  2. I’ll have a party and we can dance to music if …
  3. I’ll go camping in the Lake District if …
  4. Molly’ll learn a lot of things if…
  5. I shan’t sit with you at the same desk unless…
  6. I’ll send her a letter as soon as …
  7. If he does his homework every day he …
  8. If he comes in the afternoon we …
  9. If you live in a big city what …?
  10. If Milly gives me her address, I …
  11. If you don’t stop talking, the teacher …

Упражнение 8. Answer the questions in conditional 1.

What will you do

  • if it rains on Sunday?
  • if your friends don’t play with you?
  • if your TV doesn’t work this evening?
  • if you lose your school record-book?
  • when the lessons are over?
  • when your holiday comes?
  • when your friend comes to see you tonight?
  • when you finish your homework?

Упражнение 9. Imagine that you are eighteen and you have finished school. What will you do then? Develop the following situation. Begin like this.

When I’m eighteen, I think I’ll I don’t think I’ll . but if , I’ll try

Упражнение 10. Join two sentences into one using if.

  1. It will rain today. We shall not go for a walk.
  2. Don’t move. You’ll fall down.
  3. The wind will change. There will be snow.
  4. I’ll be careful. I will not break the cups.
  5. You have free time now. Come for a walk with me.
  6. I’ll go hiking in summer. I’ll see a lot of interesting things.
  7. He’ll go shopping. He’ll buy some exercise-books for me.

Упражнение 11. Complete the sentences.

  1. Your Dad will get angry if you . .
  2. My Mum will be happy if I . .
  3. My sister will shout at me if I .
  4. The teacher will not be happy if we .
  5. You will do well at school if you .

Упражнение 12. Write answers to the questions.

  1. What will you do if you jump into the river and see a crocodile there?
  2. What will your mother do if you break her favourite vase?
  3. What will the teacher do if you don’t do what she asks you to do?
  4. What will your friends do if you call them bad names?
  5. What will you do if you loose your school record- book? .

Ну вот и все на сегодня по теме условные предложения 1 типа. I hope you find these first conditional exercises useful. Сonditionals упражнения позволят Вам почувствовать уверенность в своем английском!

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