House and flat упражнения

The Passive Voice Exercises. Лексика: House. Flat

Добрый день. Сегодняшний урок будет посвящен отработке пассивного залога в рамках лексических ситуаций по теме House / Flat. Вы не просто закрепите знания по теме Passive Voice, но и повторите лексику по теме House / Flat.

Затонская Анастасия Станиславовна, педагог дополнительного образования Дворца творчества детей и молодежи г. Ростова-на-Дону, кандидат филологических наук.

Данный урок – первый из цикла уроков, разработанных Затонской А. С. для учащихся старших классов и студентов.

Лексико-грамматические упражнения Passive Voice + лексика по теме House / Flat .

  • Grammar: the Passive Voice.
  • Lexical topic: House. Flat.

Exercise 1. Read the text. Put the verbs in the proper Passive forms. Explain why you have preferred one form to another.

The Tower of London __________ (to build) by William the Conqueror in 1078 as a castle and palace. Since that time it __________ (to expand) to its present size, and as an armory, a zoo, a royal mint, a prison and a museum. At the time when it was a prison a lot of people __________ (to lock) in the Tower. Anne Boleyn, Sir Walter Raleigh and Elizabeth the First __________ (to shut) there, too. Spies__________ (to imprison) in the Tower during the World Wars. Many convicted __________ (publicly/to execute) on the Tower Hill. They __________ (to behead) with the block and axe, which __________ (to keep) and __________ (to show) in the Tower of Armory now.

Exercise 2. You are a reporter of a magazine. Your editor is worried by a housing problem very much and he gives you the task to find out if there’s any progress in this sphere. So you think over the items of your future interview. You think that the questions should be in the Passive Voice because it attracts to the objects themselves.

  1. How are the things going with those buildings of our city which must be repaired? … they already (to repair) or … it only (to plan) yet?
  2. … the housing problem (to solve) in our city some day?
  3. During the last year four new houses (to build), three more (to build) now, and the constructions of several houses (to finish) lately. — Have the people already moved in them? – No, the houses (to live in) yet, but they (to move) into very soon.
  4. Generally, many houses (to build) in our city every year, but in the last years the number of new buildings of our region (to reduce) considerably. – What … it (to connect) with? – Mainly it (to connect) with economic problems.
  5. Can the old houses (to reconstruct) or (to reorganize)? — Such way out of the situation (to think of), but it (to decide) to postpone this decision.

Exercise 3. You are an editor of the “Architecture” magazine. The financial success of your magazine depends considerably on the advertisements, therefore you prefer to correct the announcements by yourself. Besides, you know all the nuances of English just perfectly – you remember – to emphasize the object of the verb you should use the Passive Voice. So you redo the job of an inexperienced journalist.

The designer of this apartment wanted to make it modern and romantic at a time.

This apartment is made in romantic and modern clue at a time.

  1. The designer of this flat intended to make it very elegant. He placed an elegant soft sofa in the middle of the dining-room. He put a refined but at the same time very convenient table near it. He surrounded all that by many chairs, arm-chairs, stools and pillows.
  2. A designer of this bedroom wanted that it looked very tender. He put a big double bed in the middle of the room. He supplied the bed with two convenient bedside tables. He decorated the whole room with a big white woolen carpet.
  3. The designer of this apartment made it in a Chinese style. He decorated its rooms by such accessories as Chinese-like lamps, windows of the original form, silken curtains. He used mainly tender yellow and fawn colors.
  4. The most interesting feature of this flat is a sofa. The designer made it in such a way that any person could easily turn it into a big comfortable bed.
  5. Decorating this apartment the designer preferred wooden furniture to plastic or any other material. He arranged a lot of bookcases, cupboards, wardrobes very skillfully.
  6. The designer worked out this bathroom as a successful combination of luxurious and minimalist trends. Some people can even call such bathroom a royal one. The designer used several groups of lamps for creation different light effects. He decorated it with various rugs and curtains.
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Exercise 4. Translate into English. Use the “Architecture” magazine editor’s experience (from the exercise 3).

1.Эта гостиная решена в очень романтичной манере. В центре комнаты поставлен большой комфортабельный диван. Рядом с ним был размещен небольшой журнальный столик и табуретки в стиле кантри.2. Эта спальня разработана в традиционных светлых тонах. Большая двуспальная кровать поставлена к стене, противоположной от окна. Над кроватью повешено несколько прямоугольных картин. Рядом с кроватью поставлена удобная тумбочка, на которой стоит светлая лампа. 3.Эта уникальная комната сделана как соединение спальни и кабинета. Для этого дизайнером была использована такие оригинальные детали как подиум и выдвижная кровать. Для создания завершенного образа были использованы лампы необычного дизайна и сделаны окна круглой формы. 4. Еще одна необычная комната – соединение спальни и библиотеки. Большую часть комнаты занимает массивная деревянная кровать. Книжные шкафы и полки расположены вдоль стен до самого потолка. На полу рядом с кроватью расположены два небольших коврика. Законченность впечатления достигается при помощи кожаного глубокого кресла и высокого торшера. 5. Детская выполнена просто и лаконично. Использованы в основном белый и зеленый цвета. У стены рядом с окном расположена небольшая кровать с высоким торшером. У противоположной стены расположены письменный стол, книжные полки, шкаф для вещей. На стенах развешены картины и фотографии в рамках.

Exercise 5. Translate into English. Use both the Active and the Passive Voice depending on the message of each sentence.

1.Почему ты не заходишь в квартиру? – Дверь заперта. – Так открой ее! – Я не могу найти ключи. Я где-то их оставил. – Очень надеюсь, что ты оставил ключи на работе, а не потерял их. 2. Эти обои придают комнате отличный вид! Особенно в сочетании с этими картинами. Кто выбирал их, когда квартиру ремонтировали? – Не знаю. Наверное, те люди, которые делали ремонт. Я была тогда в командировке. 3. Где сделана эта мебель? – Не берусь судить. Когда мы ее покупали, нам сказали, что она сделана в Германии, но мы склонны думать, что ее все же сделали в Белоруссии. 4. Мне сказали, что ты собираешься продать часть мебели? – Да, она и вышла из моды, и надоела мне до смерти. Между прочим, диван, сервант, несколько картин и журнальный столик уже собираются покупать. – Конечно, не мне судить, но, по-моему, ты совершаешь большую ошибку. 5. Подумать только! Как медленно вы все делаете! Окна уже вымыты? Занавески повешены? Подоконник протерт? Полы вымыты? Нет? Я вас предупреждала: ваша генеральная уборка растянется на неделю! 6.Вы – пассивные и безответственные! Я уже не говорю о том, что у вас в доме кто-то испортил лифт, мусоропровод сломан, а центрального отопления и горячей воды нет полгода, и вы ничего не делаете, чтобы это изменить. Но вы посмотрите на свою квартиру: детская не обставлена, часть мебели сломана, обои отклеиваются, а вы все равно сидите сложа руки!

Exercise 6. Invent a house or a flat of future. Try to be especially detailed and scrupulous about the materials that will be used and the way things will be arranged there. Remember that when the doer of the action is unimportant or unknown you should use the Passive Voice.

Exercise 7. Describe the room which is depicted in the picture. Remember that if you want to underline the object, and not the doer of the action, it is better to use the Passive Voice.

Exercise 8. Listen attentively to the description of your classmate’s room and draw its plan. Now describe it yourself using your plan. Remember that for you the arrangement of the furniture, and not the person, who arranged it, is important. Show this in the choice of the grammar constructions.

Exercise 9. Describe the most interesting building you know. Don’t forget to attract the attention of your listeners to the material it is made of and the way it is arranged.

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Упражнения для изучения темы “My House. Furniture” по английскому языку

Hello! My name is Janet. I live in a flat. There are two rooms in the flat.

My room is not big. There is a bed. There is a carpet on the floor. There is a desk next to the bed. There are a computer and a lamp on the desk. There is a wardrobe. There is a bookcase between a desk and a wardrobe. There are many books.

I like my room very much.

Janet lives in a flat ___

Her room is big ___

Her room is small ___

There is a carpet on the wall ___

There is a computer on the desk ___

There is a bookcase between a desk and a wardrobe ___

There is a sofa ___

She likes her room ___

Hello! My name is Bob. I live in a house.

My room is small. There is a bed. There is a bedside table next to the bed. There is a green carpet on the floor. There is a desk and a computer on it. There is a bookcase. There is a wardrobe for my clothes. There is a TV-set between the bookcase and the wardrobe. I like to watch it with my sister in the evening.

I like my room and my house very much.

Bob lives in a house ___

His room is big ___

There is a green carpet ___

There is a TV-set on the desk ___

There is a computer in the room ___

There is a bed between the bookcase and the wardrobe ___

Bob likes to play computer games with his sister ___

Bob likes his house ___

Hello! My name is Peter. I live in a big flat.

My room is small. There is a bed. There are a wardrobe and a bedside table for clothes. There is a desk between the bed and the wardrobe. There are a computer and a lamp on the desk. There is a blue carpet on the floor. There is a bookcase for the books.

I like my room very much.

Peter lives in a flat ___

His room is big ___

There is a bed in the room ___

There is a TV-set on the desk ___

There is a computer on the desk ___

There is a lamp on the desk ___

There is a sofa in the room ___

There is a desk between the bed and the wardrobe ___

There is a green carpet on the floor ___

Bob likes his room ___

Bedroom Living room Kitchen

__________ __________ __________

__________ __________ __________

__________ __________ __________

a bed a fridge a table

a sofa a desk a TV-set

a wardrobe a cupboard a cooker

You sleep on it – __________

You keep the clothes in it – __________

You keep food in it – __________

It is on the floor, you walk on it – __________

You make a hot food in it – __________

You watch the serials by it – __________

You sit and write or read at it – __________

You make food on it – __________

Упражнения для изучения темы “My House. Furniture” по английскому языку для 3 класса включают тексты и задания к ним для отработки навыков по данной теме. В ходе работы над упражнениями ученики повторяют лексические единицы по теме “Мой дом” (My House), подтемам “Спальня” (The Bedroom ), “Гостиная” (The Living Room), “Кухня” (The Kitchen).

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Упражнения по теме House. Household Duties / Дом. Домашние обязанности.

Упражнения и тексты для чтения. Как же меня достало заполнять поле описание. Кто его вообще читает?

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«Упражнения по теме House. Household Duties / Дом. Домашние обязанности.»

1. Types of Houses.

There are four basic types of housing: detached houses, semi-detached houses, terraced houses and blocks of flats.

It must be understood that a detached house can take on any form or style. It does not matter if the house is a bungalow, a cottage or a mansion. As long as it is not joined to another house, it is a detached house. One advantage of a detached house is the fact that the free space surrounding the building belongs to the family. You can do whatever you would like to be done in your house. The disadvantage is that all repairs in the house should be made by the owner.

A semi-detached house is a pair of houses that share one common wall. The two houses are built to mirror each other. Interestingly enough, this type of housing is called a duplex in other parts of the world. Now the semi-detached house is still the most popular type of housing. One advantage of living in a semi-detached house is that there is still some privacy even if one wall is shared by the two houses. A disadvantage is that you are responsible for the upkeep of your side of the house. Another disadvantage is that you cannot just plan repairs or renovations as you have to consider your twin house.

Terraced housing is also known as townhouses. The origin of this type of dwelling was in the 17 th century in Europe. A row of identical looking houses share side walls. In the past, terrace housing used to be only associated with the working class for this type of housing was cheap, small and had very little privacy. As time went by, terrace housing became known as townhouses which were more associated with the rich. One of the major advantages of terrace housing is that it is relatively cheaper than a semi-detached built in the same location. One great disadvantage is that there is typically no yard or garden that comes with a unit. As two walls are shared, there is less privacy too.

A flat or an apartment is a part of a larger building. Such building is called an apartment building or a block of flats. A flat can be a studio unit, a one-bedroom, two-bedroom or three-bedroom unit. It’s the cheapest type of dwelling in a town. Besides among advantages of living in a block of flats it takes less time to tidy up a flat than a house. But a flat has its disadvantages: your neighbors can make a lot of noise, when they, for example, hammer or drill the wall, or when they organize a party. Sometimes you can depend on your neighbors: your neighbors’ tap is dripping and they need it to be repaired, so they block the water supply not only in their own flat but also in yours and you have to wait for hours till you can do the washing-up or take a shower. It isn’t convenient, but in spite of it the largest part of population in our country lives in blocks of flats.

Look at the translation of the following words. Write down those in bold.

Basic types of housing – основные типы жилья.

Dwelling – жилище, (жилой) дом, жилье, жилое помещение.

Detached house – частный дом.

Mansion – большой особняк, дом; дворец.

Semi-detached houses (Br. E.) = duplex house (Am. E.) – «полуособняк», двухквартирный дом (российский аналог – дом на две семьи).

Duplex apartment (Am. E.) – квартира, расположенная в двух этажах с внутренней лестницей.

Terraced houses = row house = townhouse – «городской особняк», таунхаус (в России до недавнего времени аналогов не имел).

Blocks of flats (Br. E.) = an apartment building (Am. E.) – многоквартирный жилой дом (в таких живет большинство из нас).

Flat (Br. E.) = apartment (Am. E.) – квартира.

Studio unit – квартира-студия.

One-bedroom (two-bedroom, three-bedroom) unit – одно- (двух-, трех-) комнатная квартира.

To be joined – быть соединенным.

Repair – ремонт; ремонтировать.

Upkeep – ремонт, содержание (жилья).

Renovation – капитальный ремонт, перестройка, реконструкция.

Share – разделять, делить (комнату, дом и т.п.)

Common wall – общая стена.

Side walls – боковые стены.

To be responsible for smth / smb – быть ответственным за что-то / кого-то.

2. Match the parts of the room with their names

3. Match the beginnings and the ends of the sentences.

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