Hard hardly late lately near nearly high highly упражнения

Прилагательное или наречие. Упражнения (для начинающих)

Часто начинающие изучать английский язык затрудняются, что поставить в предложение: прилагательное или наречие. Действительно, иногда бывает сложно определить, какую часть речи использовать, хотя есть несколько базовых правил.

Правило 1. (общее)

Упражнения по теме «Наречие или прилагательное»

Упражнение 1. Adjective or adrerb?

  1. He always does his homework (quick, quickly).
  2. Her homework is usually (good, well).
  3. He writes (correct, correctly).
  4. He speaks English (good, well).
  5. She likes Moscow very (strongly, much).
  6. The boys played (quiet/quietly).
  7. My little sister draws (good/well).
  8. Mr. Slow is a bad worker. He works (slow and bad, slowly and badly).
  9. He never speaks (angry, angrily).
  10. He never says (angry, angrily) words.

Упражнение 2. Adjective or adverb?

  1. She lives (near, nearly) the center of Moscow.
  2. She lives not (far, farther) from the center of Moscow.
  3. Silvia has a strong voice. She always sings (loud, loudly).
  4. On Sundays all people like to get up (late, lately)
  5. It is too (late, lately).
  6. He is also (good, well) at literature and history.
  7. She’s always very (polite, politely).
  8. When she steps on somebody’s foot, she says, “I’m (terrible, terribly) sorry.”
  9. I try not to go to bed (late, lately).
  10. They study (hard, hardly).
  11. They make (great, greatly) progress with their studies.
  12. He behaves (good, well).
  13. His essays are usually (good, well).
  14. It’s not (easy, easily) to play football.
  15. She’s read five new books (late, lately).

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Упражнения на наречия (с ответами)

1. Выберите в правой колонке подходящее наречие. Переведите предложения.

  1. It is raining … a. fast (быстро)
  2. He can speak Spanish … b. early (рано)
  3. Don’t cut yourself. Use the knife … c. gracefully (грациозно)
  4. Sorry, I don’t understand you. Can you speak …? d. quietly (тихо)
  5. Modern cars go very … e. heavily (сильно, тяжело)
  6. During the war my grandmother worked very . f. carefully (осторожно)
  7. If you get up …, you’ll have a successful day. g. brightly (ярко)
  8. My kids never make noise, they usually play … h. fluently (бегло)
  9. It’s very hot today. The sun is shining … i. hard (много, тяжело)
  10. She moves like a cat: very … j. slowly (медленно)

2. Выберите в скобках подходящее слово.

  1. The bus moved very … (slow/slowly) and I arrived home late. (Автобус двигался очень медленно , и я прибыл домой поздно.)
  2. Miss Jones ran … (quick/quickly) to the chemist’s. (Мисс Джонс быстро побежала в аптеку.)
  3. I’m afraid I wrote the test very … (bad/badly). (Боюсь, я написал тест очень плохо .)
  4. She drives the car quite … (good/well). (Она водит машину довольно хорошо .)
  5. Dad looked at me … (angry/angrily). (Папа посмотрел на меня сердито .)
  6. Mr. Potter was … (deep/deeply) touched by our greetings. (Мистер Поттер был глубоко тронут нашими поздравлениями.)
  7. We … (hard/hardly) know each other. (Мы почти не знаем друг друга.)
  8. The Internet is … (wide/widely) used all over the world. (Интернет широко используется по всему миру.)
  9. Hurry up, kids! It’s … (near/nearly) midnight. (Поторопитесь, дети! Уже почти полночь.)
  10. The police officer examined the car … (close/closely). (Полицейский тщательно осмотрел машину.)

3. Поставьте наречие из скобок в нужное место в предложении. Переведите.

Н-р: I go jogging in the morning. (always – всегда) – I always go jogging in the morning. (Я всегда хожу на пробежку утром.)

  1. I have a salad for lunch. (usually – обычно)
  2. John is rude to his parents. (never – никогда)
  3. Mary watches horror films. (sometimes – иногда)
  4. They go abroad for their holidays. (often – часто)
  5. We drink strong coffee. (hardly ever – очень редко)
  6. I am impressed by music. (rarely – редко)
  7. She will remember this accident. (always – всегда)
  8. The patient is sleeping after the operation. (probably – возможно)
  9. The week is over. (finally – наконец-то)
  10. I go to the gym twice a week. (generally – в основном)

Ответы:

  1. е (Идет сильный дождь.)
  2. h (Он умеет бегло говорить по-испански.)
  3. f (Не порежь себя. Пользуйся ножом осторожно.)
  4. j (Простите, я вас не понимаю. Вы можете говорить медленно?)
  5. a (Современные машины ездят очень быстро.)
  6. i (Во время войны моя бабушка очень тяжело работала.)
  7. b (Если ты встанешь рано, у тебя будет удачный день.)
  8. d (Мои дети никогда не шумят, обычно они играют тихо.)
  9. g (Сегодня очень жарко. Солнце ярко светит.)
  10. c (Она двигается как кошка: очень грациозно.)
  1. I usually have a salad for lunch. (Обычно я ем салат на обед.)
  2. John is never rude to his parents. (Джон никогда не грубит родителям.)
  3. Mary sometimes watches horror films. (Мэри иногда смотрит фильмы ужасов.)
  4. They often go abroad for their holidays. (Они часто ездят в отпуск заграницу.)
  5. We hardly ever drink strong coffee. (Мы очень редко пьем крепкий кофе.)
  6. I am rarely impressed by music. (Меня редко впечатляет музыка.)
  7. She will always remember this accident. (Она всегда будет помнить этот несчастный случай.)
  8. The patient is probably sleeping after the operation. (Пациент возможно спит после операции.)
  9. The week is finally over. (Неделя,наконец-то, закончилась.)
  10. I generally go to the gym twice a week. (В основном, я хожу в тренажерку дважды в неделю.)
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Упражнения по теме НАРЕЧИЯ В АНГЛИЙСКОМ ЯЗЫКЕ

Сегодня выполним несколько упражнений по теме НАРЕЧИЯ В АНГЛИЙСКОМ ЯЗЫКЕ. Но вначале рекомендую ознакомиться с теоретическим материалом Правила образования и употребления наречий в английском.

Упражнения на наречия.

Предлагаю Вам 5 вариантов проверочной работы на образование и употребление наречий.

Вариант 1

Упражнение 1. Создайте наречия от следующих прилагательных.

Nice, honest, easy, awful, fast, comic, high, good, agreeable, serious.

Упражнение 2. Напишите степени сравнений от следующих наречий, если это возможно.

Little, fast, simply, interestingly, now.

Упражнение 3. Подчеркните правильный вариант ответа.

  1. It is wide/widely known that healthy eating habits prolong our life.
  2. I think high/highly of my German teacher.
  3. I can dive deep/deeply.
  4. I can hard/hardly breathe.
  5. This steak smells good /well.

Упражнение 4. Напишите степени сравнения.

  1. Jim speaks English (fluently) __________ now than last year.
  2. Sandy greeted me (politely) ______________of all.
  3. Milla smiled (happily) ___________ than before.
  4. Alise dances (gracefully) _____________ of all.
  5. Could you write (clearly) ______________?
  6. The Nile is (немного длиннее) than the Amazon.
  7. Moscow is the (определенно самый большой) city in the world.

Упражнение 5. Переведите на английский.

  1. Чем больше ты куришь, тем скорее ты умрешь.
  2. Чем больше ты упражняешься, тем здоровее ты будешь.
  3. Чем больше ты знаешь, тем лучше.

Вариант 2

Упражнение 1. Создайте наречия от следующих прилагательных.

extreme, difficult, pretty, wonderful, early, fantastic, hard, bad, simple, graceful.

Упражнение 2. Напишите степени сравнений от следующих наречий, если это возможно.

Much, nicely, today, high, immensely

Упражнение 3. Подчеркните правильный вариант ответа.

  1. Mike feels good / well.
  2. Planes fly high/highly in the sky.
  3. She opened her eyes wide/widely.
  4. The European Union is deep/deeply concerned (озабочен) about terrorism.
  5. The book is hard/hardly worth reading.

Упражнение 4. Напишите степени сравнения.

  1. Planes can fly (high) ___________ than birds.
  2. Now, Samuel drives (carefully) __________ than before.
  3. Jerry can run (fast) __________ than Johny.
  4. Our team played (badly) ___________ of all.
  5. Lisa worked (hard) ___________ than ever before.
  6. Mumbai is a (немного больше) than Sao Paulo.
  7. Seoul is the (определенно самый густонаселенный – populated) city in the world.

Упражнение 5. Переведите на английский.

  1. Чем больше ты знаешь, тем больше ты забываешь.
  2. Чем больше ты ешь овощей, тем здоровее ты будешь.
  3. Чем быстрее ты едешь, тем хуже.

Вариант 3

Упражнение 1. Создайте наречия от следующих прилагательных.

fierce, careless, crazy, critical, fast, dramatic, high, bad, horrible, clumsy.

Упражнение 2. Напишите степени сравнений от следующих наречий, если это возможно.

Far, deep, loudly, wonderfully, then

Упражнение 3. Подчеркните правильный вариант ответа.

  1. Robin looks sad / sadly.
  2. The members of the committee had wide/widely differing opinions.
  3. Nick is a now a high/highly paid expert.
  4. Our parents are deep/deeply concerned (озабочены) about our future.
  5. I hardly/hard know her.

Упражнение 4. Напишите степени сравнения.

  1. The boss arrived (early) _________ than expected.
  2. The children walked (slowly) _________ than the rest of the people.
  3. My relatives talked (loudly) _________ than the other guests.
  4. Sam hit his arm (hard) _________ than before.
  5. The Polish athlete ran (fast) _________ than the other runners.
  6. The coast of Canada is (намного длиннее) than the coast of Indonesia.
  7. London has (определенно самый загруженный — busy ) airport in the world.
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Упражнение 5. Переведите на английский.

  1. Чем больше ты учишь, тем больше ты знаешь.
  2. Чем больше ты ешь фруктов, тем здоровее ты будешь.
  3. Чем медленнее ты едешь, тем лучше.

Вариант 4

Упражнение 1. Создайте наречия от следующих прилагательных.

brave, fluent, happy, careful, far, fantastic, deep, good, terrible, witty.

Упражнение 2. Напишите степени сравнений от следующих наречий, если это возможно.

Bad, proudly, very, wide, gracefully

Упражнение 3. Подчеркните правильный вариант ответа.

  1. His hamburger tastes awful / awfully.
  2. She is a high/highly experienced (опытная) teacher.
  3. Plants are wide/widely used in pharmaceutical industry.
  4. Jenifer was deep/deeply offended.
  5. I worked hard/hardly.

Упражнение 4. Напишите степени сравнения.

  1. Jimmy threw the ball (far) _________ than Pete.
  2. We answered all the questions (well) _________ than the other students.
  3. Our new teacher explains the exercises (badly) _________ than our old teacher.
  4. The new mechanic checked the car (thoroughly) _________ than the old mechanic.
  5. Every morning I get up 10 minutes _________ (early) than my sister.
  6. Los Angeles is a (намного дальше) south than San Francisco.
  7. Jane is (определенно самая умная) person in the company.

Упражнение 5. Переведите на английский.

  1. Чем больше ты забываешь, тем меньше ты знаешь.
  2. Чем меньше ты куришь, тем дольше ты проживешь.
  3. Чем медленнее ты едешь, тем хуже.

Вариант 5

Упражнение 1. Создайте наречия от следующих прилагательных.

immense, loud, angry, awful, early, historic, wide, good, possible, dangerous.

Упражнение 2. Напишите степени сравнений от следующих наречий, если это возможно.

Good, quickly, hard, crazily, inside

Упражнение 3. Подчеркните правильный вариант ответа.

  1. Dog food smell so terrible/terribly.
  2. Their front door was wide/widely open.
  3. Throw it as high/highly as you can.
  4. They dug the hole deep/deeply.
  5. He will hard/hardly have time for that.

Упражнение 4. Напишите степени сравнения.

  1. Please, speak __________ (clearly).
  2. Bob ran ___________ (slowly) than his classmates.
  3. Jo is plays _________ (well) of all the team.
  4. We answered all the questions (well) _________ than the other students.
  5. Our new teacher explains the exercises (badly) _________ than our old teacher.
  6. France is (намного более популярна) with tourists than the USA.
  7. This is (определенно самая лучшая) pasta I’ve ever had!

Упражнение 5. Переведите на английский.

  1. Чем больше ты знаешь, тем меньше ты говоришь.
  2. Чем меньше алкоголя ты пьешь, тем дольше ты проживешь.
  3. Чем больше ты ешь, тем толще становишься.

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Упражнения на наречия

Упражнение 1.

Выберите правильно наречие из скобок.

1. He stood (close/closely) to the door.
2. You can get the book (free/freely).
3. Не couldn’t explain it (clear/clearly).
4. I (hard/hardly) studied at all last term.
5. You guessed (wrong/wrongly).
6. He opened the door (wide/widely).
7. She was (high/highly) praised for her work.
8. He has been working (hard/hardly).
9. I’m getting (pretty/prettily) tired.
10. You can speak (free/freely) in front of him.
11. My friends are (most/mostly) students.
12. I haven’t been to the theatre much (late/lately).
13. I (wrong/wrongly) assumed that you were my friend.
14. He (close/closely) inspected the lock.
15. He came back (late/lately).
16. You’re doing (fine/finely).
17. Take it (easy/easily).
18. The kite flew (high/highly).
19. The girl was dancing (pretty/prettily).
20. I understood his English (easy/easily).
21. He pulled the strings (tight/tightly).
22. It was (near/nearly) midnight.
23. Of all fruit he loved apples (most/mostly),.
24. They differed (wide/widely) in opinions.
25. The car droye up (near/nearly) to the gate.
26. I (clean/cleanly) forgot about it.
27. He loved his parents (dear/dearly).
28. He will be in (short/shortly).
29. He bought it (cheap/cheaply).
30. His refusal cost him (dear/dearly).
31. He turned round (sharp/sharply).
32. They travelled (cheap/cheaply).
33. They treated him (fair/fairly).
34. The foreman cut me (short/shortly).
35.She clenched the letter (tight/tightly) in her hand.
36.She wiped the table (clean/cleanly).
37. He always travelled (light/lightly).
38. You must play (fair/fairly).
39. He kissed me (light/lightly) on the cheek.
40. It was ten o’clock (sharp/sharply).
41. Stand (clear/clearly) of the machine.

1. close
2. free
3. clearly
4. hardly
5. wrong
6. wide
7. highly
8. hard
9. pretty
10. freely
11. mostly
12. lately
13. wrongly
14. closely
15. late
16. fine
17. easy
18. high
19. prettily
20. easily
21. tight
22. nearly
23. most
24. widely
25. near
26. clean
27. dearly
28. shortly
29. cheap
30. dear
31. sharply
32. cheaply
33. fairly
34. short
35. tightly
36. cleanly
37. light
38. fair
39. lightly
40. sharp
41. clear

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Упражнение 2.

Поставьте наречие в правильное место.

1. I can’t do it (possibly).

2. He has mentioned it (never).

3. We just watched TV (tonight).

4. Has he been out of his native town (ever)?

5. Mother is in the kitchen (now).

6. He can be seen in the local pub in the evening (usually).

7. What have you been doing (here)?

8. He will be sick of living alone (soon).

9. She went to bed (early).

10. They all went upstairs (presently).

11. “Fools,” she said to herself (angrily).

12. She was indifferent to him (entirely).

13. He looked hurt (deeply).

14. He could have managed it (easily).

15. She listened to him (respectively).

16. They kept laughing (uproariously).

17. She was trying to explain (simply).

18. I think she’s lying (frankly).

19. They’ve forgotten the time (probably).

20. The visit has been very successful (politically).

21. He knew what was happening (perhaps).

22. I did not see him (honestly).

23. The letter is sent off (anyway).

24. He is very happy (obviously).

25. The players could see the ball (hardly).

26. Turning the books over he looked at the titles (rapidly).

27. We had a nice game (certainly).

28. The idea passed through my mind (idly).

29. She spoke Italian (perfectly).

30. I must just wait for his letter (patiently).

3l.She began to cry (hysterically).

32. You can see in people’s thoughts (sometimes, clearly).

1. I can’t possibly do it.
2. He has never mentioned it.
3. We just watched TV tonight.
4. Has he ever been out of his native town?
5. Mother is now in the kitchen.
6. He can usually be seen in the local pub in the evening.
7. What have you been doing here.
8. He will soon be sick of living alone.
9. She went to bed early.
10. Presently they all went upstairs.
11. “Fools,” she said to herself angrily.
12. She was entirely indifferent to him.
13. He looked deeply hurt.
14. He could have easily managed it. (or: He could have managed it easily.)
15. She listened to him respectively.
16. They kept laughing uproariously.
17. She was simply trying to explain. She was trying to explain simply.
18. Frankly, I think she’s lying.
19. They’ve probably forgotten the time.
20. Politically, the visit has been very successful.
21. Perhaps he knew what was happening. (or: He perhaps knew what was happening.)
22. Honestly, I did not see him.
23. Anyway, the letter is sent off. (or. The letter is sent off, anyway.)
24. Obviously, he is very happy. (or: He is obviously very happy.)
25. The players could hardly see ball.
26. Turning the books over rapidly, he looked at the titles. Turning the books over he looked at the titles rapidly.
27. We certainly had a nice game.
28. The idea passed idly through my mind.
29. She spoke Italian perfectly.
30. I must just wait patiently for his letter.
31. She began to cry hysterically.
32. You can sometimes see in people’s thoughts clearly.

Упражнение 3.

(употребление enough и such — so).

Заполните пробелы, выбрав правильный вариант:

1. We’ve got *** time *** to do this work (enough).

2. The work is *** important *** (enough).

3. He is (such — so) *** a nice man to speak with.

4. She is (such — so) *** beautiful.

5. We bought (such — so) *** a lovely house in the country.

1. We’ve got enough time to do this work.

2. The work is important enough.

3. He is such a nice man to speak with.

4. She is so beautiful.

5. We bought such a lovely house in the country.

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