Future in the past indefinite упражнения

The Future in the Past Simple Tense (Будущее время в прошлом). Упражнения с ответами

Exercise 1. Перепишите следующие предложения в прошед­шем времени.

  1. I am afraid I shall be late.
  2. Do you think we shall pick all the apples in three days?
  3. He hopes you will often visit him.
  4. They expect he will be at home in a few days.
  5. Are you afraid we shan’t be in time?
  6. She promises that she will finish the work in a week.
  7. I think Henry will help us.
  8. I hope we’ll enjoy the show.
  9. She expects he’ll win the race.

Answers: 1. I was afraid I should be late. 2. Did you think we should pick all the apples in three days? 3. He hoped you would often visit him. 4. They expected he would be at home in a few days. 5. Were you afraid we shouldn’t be in time? 6. She promised that she would finish the work in a week. 7. I thought Henry would help us. 8. I hoped we should enjoy the show. 9. She expected he would win the race.

Exercise 2. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Future Simple или Future-in-the-Past Simple.

  1. I know we (not to be) late.
  2. I knew we (not to be) late.
  3. I want to know whether he (to be) at home.
  4. I wanted to know whether he (to be) at home.
  5. «When you (to be) ready?» he asked.
  6. He asked when I (to be) ready.
  7. I can’t say whether Bob (to do) the work perfectly, but he (to do) his best.
  8. He asked me whether he (to see) Olga there.
  9. Are you sure that we (to have) time to do that?
  10. I was afraid he (to say), «I don’t think I (to be) able to come.»
  11. I did not know what he (to speak) about.
  12. I knew your aunt (to bake) special cookies for all her nieces and nephews.

Answers: we shall not be. 2. We should not be. 3. He will be. 4. He would be. 5. When will you be. 6. I should be. 7. Bob will do, he will do. 8. He would see. 9. We shall have. 10. He would say, I shall be. 11. He would speak. 12. Your aunt would bake.

Exercise 3. Употребите следующие предложения как придаточные дополнительные. В роли главных предложе­ний используйте предложения, данные в скобках.

(I supposed; He believed; She was sure; We were told; I heard; She said; He understood; She ima­gined; The letter said.)

• E.g. My brother will be sleeping.

I supposed that my brother would be sleeping.

  1. He will solve the problem in no time.
  2. The new film will be on in many cinemas.
  3. The teacher will have corrected our papers by the beginning of the lesson.
  4. She will not like this TV programme.
  5. The train will arrive on time.
  6. The children will be playing in the yard.
  7. All the newspapers will publish this information.
  8. They will win the game.
  9. I shall go to the south.
  10. My sister will not for­get to ring me up.
  11. I shall have done my home­work by nine o’clock.
  12. The tourists will not re­turn by sunset.
  13. My friends will be waiting for me.
  14. My friend will have returned by that time.
  15. They will be working the whole evening.
  16. He will return this book to the library immediately.
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Answers: 1. She imagined that he would solve the problem in no time. 2. I heard that the new film would be on in many cinemas. 3. We were told that the teacher would have corrected our papers by the beginning of the lesson. 4. She imagined that she would not like this TV programme. 5. He believed that the train would arrive on time. 6. She said that the children would be playing in the yard. 7. She was sure that all the newspapers would publish this information. 8. I supposed that they would win the game. 9. He believed that I should go to the south. 10. She was sure that my sister would not forget to ring me up. 11. I supposed that I should have done my work by nine o’clock. 12. We were told that the tourists would not return by sunset. 13. The letter said that my friends would be waiting for me. 14. I supposed that my friend would have returned by that time. 15. He understood that they would be working the whole evening. 16. She was sure that he would return this book to the library immediately.

Exercise 4. Переведите на английский язык, обращая внима­ние на время глагола в главном предложении.

  1. Я знаю, что он скоро придет.
  2. Я знал, что он скоро придет.
  3. Я думаю, что она будет спать в это время.
  4. Я думал, что она будет спать в это время.
  5. Она думает, что сделает всю работу к пяти часам.
  6. Она думала, что сделает всю рабо­ту к пяти часам.
  7. Я был уверен, что к десяти часам он уже выучит стихотворение.
  8. Я знал, что к девяти часам мама уже приготовит ужин и в девять часов вся семья будет сидеть за столом. Я боялся, что приду слишком поздно.
  9. Она боя­лась, что ее друг не придет.
  10. Они написали, что скоро приедут.
  11. Я был уверен, что встречу его на станции.
  12. Я думаю, что папа скоро напишет нам письмо.
  13. Вам сказали, что в декабре мы будем писать контрольную работу?
  14. Он понял, что никогда ее не забудет.
  15. Я полагаю, что они вспомнят о нас.
  16. Он говорит, что знает этого человека.

Answers: 1. I know that he will come soon. 2. I knew that he would come soon. 3. I think that she will be sleeping at this time. 4. I thought that she would be sleeping at that time. 5. She thinks that she will have done all the work by five o’clock. 6. She thought that she would have done all the work by five o’clock. 7. I was sure that by ten o’clock he would have learnt the poem. 8. I knew that by nine o’clock mother would have cooked supper and at nine o’clock the whole family would be sitting at the table. I was afraid that I should come too late. 9. She was afraid that her friend would not come. 10. They wrote that they would come soon. 11. I was sure that I should meet him at the station. 12. I think that father will soon write a letter to us. 13. Have you been told that in December we shall write a paper? 14. He understood that he would never forget her. 15. I believe that they will remember us. 16. He says he knows this man.

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WELL DONE!

Литература:

  1. Голицынский Ю.Б. Грамматика: Сборник упражнений. — 5-е изд., — СПб: КАРО, 2005. — 544 с. — (Английский язык для школьников).

Источник

Будущее в прошедшем
Future In The Past

Кроме двенадцати глагольных времен для выражения настоящего, прошедшего и будущего времени в изъявительном наклонении часто выделяют еще четыре формы Future in the Past ( будущего в прошедшем ), которые образуются аналогично соответствующим формам Future с заменой will (shall) формами would (should) .

ACTIVE

FUTURE INDEFINITE
IN THE PAST

would (should) +

инфинитив без to

would (should) +

be +

FUTURE CONTINUOUS
IN THE PAST

would (should) +

be +

НЕ СУЩЕСТВУЕТ

FUTURE PERFECT
IN THE PAST

would (should) +

would (should) +

have been +

FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS
IN THE PAST

would (should) +

have been +

НЕ СУЩЕСТВУЕТ

Краткие формы: would/should = d : I would (I should) = I d , you would = you d etc., would not = wouldn t , should not = shouldn t .

Формы Future in the Past передают те же значения, что и соответствующие им формы Future , но в отличие от них служат для выражения действия, которое является будущим не по отношению к моменту речи, а по отношению к прошедшему моменту, т. е. для выражения будущего действия, о котором речь шла в прошлом.

Формы Future in the Past употребляются, как правило, в придаточных предложениях, подчиненных главному, с глаголом-сказуемым в прошедшем времени: I hoped that I would find her at home. Я надеялся, что найду ее дома.

В обстоятельственных придаточных предложениях времени и условия вместо Future in the Past употребляется форма прошедшего времени: He said that he would tell her about it if he saw her. Он сказал, что сообщит ей об этом, если увидит ее.

Грамматическое значение английских глаголов в формах Future in the Past в русском языке передают глаголы в будущем времени: We knew that we would manage somehow. Мы знали, что как-нибудь справимся.

Таким образом, данная глагольная форма обозначает следование какого-то события относительно момента « тогда » как точки отсчета, предшествующего моменту речи: He hoped that things would change . Он надеялся, что произойдут перемены.

Формы Future in the Past , как правило, регулярно употребляются в косвенной речи (собственной или несобственной), когда произнесение этой речи относится к прошлому: He cried that nobody would harm her. Он кричал, что никто не обидит ее.

Кроме того, существуют формы Future Indefinite in the Past и Future Perfect in the Past страдательного залога , образующиеся соответственно с помощью вспомогательных глаголов would (should) + be + причастие II смыслового глагола (He knew that they would be invited . Он знал, что их пригласят ) и would (should) + have been + причастие II смыслового глагола (I said that the article would have been translated by 6 o’clock. Я сказал, что статью переведут к 6 часам ).

Времена страдательного залога употребляются согласно тем же правилам, что и соответствующие им времена действительного залога.

Источник

Упражнения на Future in the Past

Упражнение 1.

Поставьте данные в скобках глаголы в нужную временную форму, соблюдая правило согласования времен.

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1. They promised that they (bring) ____ us all the necessary books.

2. He did it better than I (expect) ____ he would.

3. He said that the tractors (be) ____ there soon.

4. I think it all happened soon after the meeting (end) ____.

5. He said that he (can) ____ not do it without my help.

6. The astronomer told us that the Moon (be) ____ 240,000 miles from the Earth.

7. We asked the delegates whether they ever (see) ____ such a demonstration.

8. It was decided that we (start) ____ our work at four o’clock.

9. I told you that I (leave) ____ town on the following day.

10. I did not know that you already (receive) ____ the letter.

11. The boy did not know that water (boil) ____ at 100 degrees.

12. He wanted to know what (become) ____ of the books.

13. I was told that the secretary just (go out) ____ and (to come back) ____ in half an hour.

14. We were afraid that she not (be able) ____ to finish her work in time and therefore (offer) ____ to help her.

15. He said we (may) ____ keep the book as long as we (like) ____.

16. When I called at his house, they (tell) ____ me that he (leave) ____ an hour before.

17. It (be) ____ soon clear to the teacher that the new pupil (cause) ____ much trouble.

18. I was thinking what a pleasure it (be) ____ to see my old friend again; I not (see) ____ him since my school days.

19. I have not yet told them that I (get) ____ them those books in the nearest future.

1. They promised that they would bring us all the necessary books.

2. He did it better than I had expected he would.

3. He said that the tractors would be there soon.

4. I think it all happened soon after the meeting had ended.

5. He said that he could not do it without my help.

6. The astronomer told us that the Moon is 240,000 miles from the Earth.

7. We asked the delegates whether they had ever seen such a demonstration.

8. It was decided that we would start our work at four o’clock.

9. I told you that I would leave town on the following day.

10. I did not know that you had already received the letter.

11. The boy did not know that water boils at 100 degrees.

12. He wanted to know what had become of the books.

13. I was told that the secretary had just gone out and would come back in half an hour.

14. We were afraid that she would not be able to finish her work in time and therefore offered to help her.

15. He said we might keep the book as long as we liked.

16. When I called at his house, they told me that he had left an hour before.

17. It was soon clear to the teacher that the new pupil would cause much trouble.

18. I was thinking what a pleasure it would be to see my old friend again; I had not seen him since my school days.

19. I have not yet told them that I will get them those books in the nearest future.

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