Dostoevsky greatest novels were set in st petersburg упражнение

Упр.2 Unit 1 Урок 4 ГДЗ English Кузовлев 9 класс

2. In your culture. Russia is the birthplace of many famous writers. Your foreign friend and you are choosing a literary tour around Russia.
Listen to the guide talking about a literary tour around Russia. Read the statements below and decide if the following information is true (T), false (F) or unstated (U) according to the guide’s story. (listening for detail)
Текст для аудирования:
During our literary tour you’ll be able to explore the world of great Russian writers, such as Fyodor Dostoevsky, Alexander Pushkin, Mikhail Lermontov and Leo Tolstoy.
Let’s start our literary exploration of Russia from St Petersburg. Many famous writers made St Petersburg their home. The outstanding Russian novelist Fyodor Dostoevsky lived here for many years. St Petersburg became the setting for his greatest works. The Dostoevsky House-Museum welcomes visitors from all over the world. It was the final home of the remarkable Russian writer. He completed there his last great novel, The Brothers Karamazov, in 1880. In the museum, you can see paintings and many items relating to the life of Dostoevsky.
Then to the Pushkin House-Museum, Alexander Pushkin is Russia’s most famous and best loved poet. He was born in Moscow. But spent many years of his life in St Petersburg and the museum is one of the several places in the city with which the poet is associated. It was there in his study that he died after his duel with d’Anthes. It was there, too, that he wrote one of his most famous works The Captain’s Daughter. The most impressive feature is the poet’s library which contains more than 4,500 books in 14 languages. Among these are works by the authors whom Pushkin most admired, including Shakespeare and Byron.
Now welcome to Moscow, the capital of Russia. Moscow is a cultural centre which has produced many outstanding poets and writers. It has inspired poets, such as Pushkin, Lermontov and many others.
The Tolstoy House-Museum welcomes visitors from all over the world. Leo Tolstoy, one of Russia’s greatest novelists, spent the winters here between 1882 and 1901 with his wife and nine children. It was there he wrote some of his novels and the collection of short stories. Tolstoy often described Moscow in his works.
Then to the Lermontov House-Museum. The great Romantic poet and novelist lived here with his grandmother from 1829—32, while he was a student at Moscow University. While here, he began writing his poem The Demon. Many of Lermontov’s works are displayed here, together with drawings some by Lermontov himself.
Finally we’ll enjoy the visit to the Pushkin House-Museum in Arbat. Alexander Pushkin lived in this flat for the first three months of his marriage to Natalya Goncharova. The exhibition in the museum gives an idea of Moscow before the greatest fire of 1812.

1. Dostoevsky’s greatest novels were set in St Petersburg.
2. Pushkin’s library in his House-Museum contains books by Shakespeare and Byron in English.
3. Leo Tolstoy and his family liked to spend winters in Moscow.
4. While studying in Moscow, Mikhail Lermontov started writing his poem The Demon.
5. You can see some pictures made by Lermontov in his House-Museum.
6. The Pushkin House-Museum in Moscow is situated in the flat on Arbat where he lived with his family.
7. Pushkin wrote The Captain’s Daughter in his house in Moscow.
8. The exhibition in the Pushkin House-Museum gives an idea of St Petersburg before 1812.

1. The Pushkin House-Museum in Moscow
2. Pushkin’s study
3. Leo Tolstoy in his study in Yasnaya Polyana
4. Chekhov and Leo Tolstoy in the Chekhov House-Museum
5. The Lermontov House-Museum in Moscow
6. Lermontov’s study
7. Fyodor Dostoevsky
8. Lermontov’s picture

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1 Прочитайте текст и для вопросов 1-6 выберите правильный ответ А, В, С или D.

Федор Михайлович Достоевский родился в Москве в 1821 году. Он был сыном военного хирурга в отставке, который имел небольшое имение, и получал домашнее образование вплоть до смерти своей матери в 1837 году. В том же году, он и его брат, Михаил, были
отправлены по желанию их сурового и деспотического отца в Военно-инженерную академию в Санкт-Петербурге. Пока Достоевский еще учился в военной школе, его отец умер, и ходили слухи, что он был убит своим крепостным, но это никогда не было доказано. Кажется более вероятно, что он умер от инсульта.
Достоевский окончил Военно-инженерную академию по специальности инженер, но знал, что карьера в армии не подходит для него. Он пожелал следовать интересу к литературе. В 1844 году благодаря небольшому доходу от имения отца, он был в состоянии уйти в отставку из армии и полностью посвятить себя литературе. Его первый роман, «Бедные люди», был опубликован в 1846 году и вскоре последовал второй «Двойник».
Примерно в это же время Достоевский начал проявлять активный интерес к политике, и это будет определять многое в его жизни в ближайшие годы. Он вступил в группу социалистов-утопистов под названием «Петрашевский кружок», который используется для проведения политических собраний в доме, эксцентричного названном «Петрашевский». К сожалению, тайная полиция запустила шпиона в группу, и вечером 23 апреля 1849 Достоевский был арестован вместе с некоторыми другими мужчинами и
приговорен к смертной казни. Но приговор не был выполнен, но он провел следующие четыре года в исправительно-трудовом лагере в Сибири с преступниками, которые были осуждены за убийство. После освобождения он был вынужден пойти в армию рядовым. В 1857 году Достоевский женился на Марии Исаевой и затем ушел из армии. Время Достоевского в Сибири оказало глубокое влияние на него, и он вернулся в Санкт-Петербург в 1859 году монархистом и преданным последователем Русской Православной Церкви.
В 1860-х годах Достоевский публикует три работы, основанные в той или иной форме на своем опыте в Сибири, наиболее острой является «Дом Мертвых» (1860), вымышленная оценка тюремной жизни. Он путешествовал по Европе и продолжал писать, но после смерти жены и брата он стал одержим азартными играми и алкоголем. В 1864 году он опубликовал один из своих величайших произведений под названием «Записки из подполья», которое начинается словами рассказчика «Я больной человек. Я злобный человек» и, в котором Достоевский высмеивает современные социальные и политические взгляды.
Достоевский женился снова в 1867 году вскоре после завершения своего шедевра «Преступление и наказание» (1866). Затем он написал ряд других интересных работ, таких как «Идиот» (1868-69) и «Бесы» (1872). Он умер в Санкт-Петербурге 9 февраля 1881 года.

1 Отец Достоевского был
А Военным инженером
В Учителем
С Врачом
D крепостным
2 Достоевский финансировал его занятие литературой
А Его военной зарплатой
В Наследством.
С Арендой своего имущества.
D Агентством по недвижимости.
3 В 1840 году политические идеи Достоевского можно лучше всего охарактеризовать как
А Православные.
В монархические.
С эксцентричные.
D идеалистические.
4 В конце 1850-х его убеждения были в основном под влиянием
А Его опыта в тюрьме.
В Его опыта в армии.
С Петрашевского кружка.

D Преступников, с которыми он встречался.
5 Смерть первой жены
А Вдохновила его на написание.
В Оказала разрушительное воздействие на него.
С заставило его немного грустить.
D стала его навязчивой идеей.
6 В «Записках из подполья», он
А Выразил свое мнение о современных ценностях,
В критикует его одержимость азартными играми
С высмеивает современную политику.
D описывает свои путешествия по Европе.
Посмотреть ответ

Fyodor Mikhaylovich Dostoevsky was born in Moscow in 1821. He was the son of retired military surgeon, who had a small estate, and was educated at home until the death of his mother in 1837. That same year, he and his brother, Mikhail, were sent to Military Engineering Academy in St Petersburg by his somewhat stern and oppressive father. While Dostoevsky was still at military school his father died and there were rumours that he was assassinated by his serfs, but this was never proven. It seems more likely that he died of a stroke.
Dostoevsky graduated from the Military Engineering Academy as an engineer, but knew that a career in the army wasn’t suitable for him. He wished to pursue his interest in literature. In 1844, thanks to a small income from his father’s estate, he was able to resign from the army and devote his energies to writing. His first novel, Poor Folk, was published in 1846 and was soon followed by a second, The Double.
It was around this time that Dostoevsky started taking an active interest in politics, and this would determine many things in his life over the coming years. He joined a group of Utopian socialists called the Petrashevsky Circle that used to hold political meetings in the home of an eccentric named Petrashevsky. Unfortunately, the secret police had placed a spy in the group and on the evening of 23rd April, 1849; Dostoevsky was arrested along with some other men and
sentenced to death. He wasn’t executed, but spent the next four years in a hard labour camp in Siberia with criminals who had been convicted of murder. On his release he was forced to join the army as a common soldier. In 1857. Dostoevsky married Maria Isaeva and iater resigned from the army. Dostoevsky’s time in Siberia had a profound effect on him and he returned to St Petersburg in 1859 a monarchist and a devout follower of the Russian Orthodox Church.
During the 1860s Dostoevsky would publish three works based in one way or another on his experience in Siberia, the most poignant being The House of the Dead (1860). a fictional account of prison life. He travelled to Europe and continued to write, but after the death of his wife and his brother he became obsessed with gambling and drinking. In 1864, he published one of his greatest works entitled Notes from the Underground which begins with the narrator’s words «I am a sick man. . I am a spiteful man,» and in which Dostoevsky satirises contemporary social and political views.
Dostoevsky married again in 1867 shortly after completing his masterpiece Crime and Punishment (1866). He then wrote a number of other interesting works such as The Idiot (1868-69) and The Possessed (1872). He died in St Petersburg on 9th February, 1881.

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Dostoevsky greatest novels were set in st petersburg упражнение

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуски в предложениях под номерами В11-В16 соответствующими формами слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами справа от каждого предложения. TEST 13 ( part 2)

B11

Fyodor Dostoevsky was born in Moscow in 1821. He was the son of a doctor who worked in a hospital for the poor.

The young Dostoevsky went to military school and held ……………………… posts until he resigned to become an author. He became one of the most important and influential writers that has ever lived.

GOVERN

B12

Dostoevsky admired the works of the English writer Charles Dickens who wrote about difficult times during the ……………………… Revolution in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Dostoevsky also wrote novels about social issues.

INDUSTRY

B13

One of Dostoevsky’s most significant works is Crime and Punishment. The main character in the novel is Raskolnikov, a poor, ……………………… university drop-out.

EMPLOY

B14

The novel tells the story of how Raskolnikov plans to murder a(n) ……………………… moneylender to solve his financial problems.

GREED

B15

Another major work is The Brothers Karamazov, which was Dostoevsky’s final novel and ……………………… even his best.

POSSIBLE

B16

The novel focuses on a murder again but this time Dostoevsky examines other characters’ ……………………… to the crime.

Fyodor Dostoevsky died in 1881 and is buried in the Alexander Nevsky Monastery in St. Petersburg.

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Упражнение 8 на вставку в текст фраз (задание ЕГЭ)

Упражнение 8 для подготовки к ЕГЭ по английскому языку.

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя.

Pavlovsk Palace

Pavlovsk Palace near St Petersburg has a remarkable story. In its over 200 years of existence, it has been ravaged by fire, A _______. But its survival of World War II is perhaps the most interesting period in its history

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The palace was built in the late 18th century on land that belonged to Catherine the Great. She had passed the land down to her son, Paul I, and his wife, Maria, upon the birth of their son, Alexander I of Russia. Scottish architect Charles Cameron, a lover of Greek and Roman architecture, was hired to design the palace. His relationship with Catherine the Great was quite close, В ______ .

The three ol them had competing interests tor the interiors, each one disliking the others’ tastes. Eventually the palace was finished, and after Catherine the Great’s passing, Paul I made it the official royal residence. His death in 1801 meant Alexander I would become emperor, С _______ .

The palace stayed in royal hands up until the Russian Revolution, when the royal family fled the country They left the palace to Alexander Polovotsoff, a prominent museum director, who fought to have it saved as a museum. His success meant that the palace survived, D _______ .

Just before its seizure, the museum staff hurried to save the art contained in the museum. Furniture was dismantled and shipped off, E _______ .

Perhaps the cleverest trick involved the statues. They were too heavy to evacuate, so the staff buried them in the gardens. They sank them three metres into the ground, F _______ . They were right; after the occupation was over, the statues still remained.

1. occupied by foreign troops and nearly completely destroyed
2. and large antiquities were stored in a basement and walled up
3. but it would be seized by the Germans years later and used for military purposes
4. and he designated the house as his mother Maria’s official residence
5. believing the palace would best serve the country as a museum
6. but clashes would erupt between him, Paul and Maria over style issues
7. thinking the Germans wouldn’t dig that deep to look for them

A-1; B-6; C-4; D-3; E-2; F-7

Pavlovsk Palace

Pavlovsk Palace near St Petersburg has a remarkable story. In its over 200 years of existence, it has been ravaged by fire, occupied by foreign troops and nearly completely destroyed. But its survival of World War II is perhaps the most interesting period in its history

The palace was built in the late 18th century on land that belonged to Catherine the Great. She had passed the land down to her son, Paul I, and his wife, Maria, upon the birth of their son, Alexander I of Russia. Scottish architect Charles Cameron, a lover of Greek and Roman architecture, was hired to design the palace. His relationship with Catherine the Great was quite close, but clashes would erupt between him, Paul and Maria over style issues.

The three ol them had competing interests tor the interiors, each one disliking the others’ tastes. Eventually the palace was finished, and after Catherine the Great’s passing, Paul I made it the official royal residence. His death in 1801 meant Alexander I would become emperor, and he designated the house as his mother Maria’s official residence.

The palace stayed in royal hands up until the Russian Revolution, when the royal family fled the country They left the palace to Alexander Polovotsoff, a prominent museum director, who fought to have it saved as a museum. His success meant that the palace survived, but it would be seized by the Germans years later and used for military purposes.

Just before its seizure, the museum staff hurried to save the art contained in the museum. Furniture was dismantled and shipped off, and large antiquities were stored in a basement and walled up.

Perhaps the cleverest trick involved the statues. They were too heavy to evacuate, so the staff buried them in the gardens. They sank them three metres into the ground, thinking the Germans wouldn’t dig that deep to look for them. They were right; after the occupation was over, the statues still remained.

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