After having done упражнения

Сausative form в английском языке: have something done / have someone do

Causative form в английском языке представлена следующими конструкциями

  • have something done (дословно – иметь что-то сделанным для себя же)
  • have someone do something (заставить кого-то что-то сделать для вас)

HAVE SMTH DONE

Мы используем выражение have + object + past participle (have something done) чтобы описать услугу, которую нам оказали, или какое-то неприятное событие, которое с нами произошло в тех случаях, когда действие производим не мы, но направленно оно на нас или на нашу собственность.

I had my car stolen – У меня украли машину.

We had the roof repaired last year. – Нам починили крышу в прошлом году.

Не has had his application turned down – Eго заявление отклонили.

My girlfriend has her letter published in the Times – Письмо моей девушки напечатали в Таймс.

В качестве подлежащего в таком предложении будет выступать человек, на которого направленно действие, либо лицо, на чью собственность направлено действие. Такая конструкция в английском языке используется довольно часто.

Обратите внимание, в устной речи выражение часто употребляется с get вместо have без изменения в значении.

We have our fence pulled down = We get our fence pulled down.

Как использовать выражение have something done?

Causative form have something done можно использовать в любом времени. При этом меняется только глагол to have. Давайте рассмотрим на примере предложения We have the office cleaned (В нашем офисе провели уборку)

We have the office cleaned

We had the office cleaned

We will have the office cleaned

We are having the office cleaned

We were having the office cleaned

We will be having the office cleaned

We have had the office cleaned

We had had the office cleaned

We will have had the office cleaned

Present Perfect Continuous

We have been having the office cleaned

Past Perfect Continuous

We had been having the office cleaned

Future Perfect Continuous

We will have been having the office cleaned

Конечно, все формы Perfect Continuous и форма Future Perfect практически не используются в устной речи, так как слишком перегружены вспомогательными глаголами.

HAVE SMB DO SMTH

Вторая возможная форма Causative – have someone do something. Это выражение более характерно для американского, нежели для британского английского. Оно означает, что вы заставили / попросили кого-либо что-то для вас сделать.

I will have the waiter bring you the menu. – Я попрошу официанта принести тебе меню.

I had my assistant type the report. – Я попросил помощника напечатать отчет.

В Британии вместо have часто говорят get, как и в случае с выражением have / get something done. Однако, при использовании get, выражение будет вида get someone to do something (появляется частица to).

I will get the waiter to bring you the menu.

I got my assistant to type the report.

Таким образом, causative в английском языке представлен следующими конструкциями:

Упражнения на Causative form с ответами.

Давайте немного попрактикуемся.

Упражнение 1. Complete the sentences using the correct form of “to have something done”

  1. The Smiths ___________ the roof _______________ last year. (repair)
  2. Molly ______________ the room ____________________ next month. (decorate)
  3. You should ___________ your eyes ___________ regularly. (test)
  4. We ___________ the television _________________ only last year! (repair)
  5. ________ you ____________ your car ______________ regularly? (service)
  6. How often ___________ you _____________ your windows _____________? (clean)
  7. We _________________ the office _________________ every evening. (clean)
  8. Our neighbors __________________ a new garage ______________ at the moment (build)

Упражнение 2. Write down the sentences using the correct causative form. Use a modal verb where appropriate.

  1. Bob must/ really / the heating / fix. Winter is coming soon.
  2. She / her hair / dye blonde yesterday.
  3. They / the rooms / paint at the moment.
  4. After Alex / the sleeves / shorten, the blazer fit him perfectly.
  5. Instead of buying a new car, why / you / not / your old one / fix / ?
  6. What are those workmen doing in your garden? – Oh, we / a garage / build
  7. They / not / their TV / fix / yet
  8. Her coffee maker was broken. Now it’s working again. She / it /repair
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Упражнение 3. Rewrite the sentences using HAVE SOMETHING DONE

  1. Someone cut Kate’s hair at 13.30 pm.
  1. The mechanic is changing Peter’s car battery.
  1. The hairdresser dyed my mother’s hair last Saturday.
  1. Someone checks Henry’s guitar after every show.
  1. The dentist checks my teeth once a year.

Упражнение 3. Rewrite the sentences using HAVE SOMEBODY DO SOMETHING

  1. The mechanic changes Peter’s car battery yearly.
  1. The hairdresser dyed my mother’s hair last Saturday.
  1. The assistant checks Henry’s guitar after every show.
  1. The dentist checks my teeth once a year.

Ответы:

  1. The Smiths had the roof repaired last year.
  2. Molly is going to have/is having the room decorated next month.
  3. You should have your eyes tested regularly.
  4. We had the television repaired only last year!
  5. Do you have your car serviced regularly?
  6. How often do you have your windows cleaned?
  7. We have the office cleaned every evening.
  8. Our neighbors are having a new garage built at the moment.
  1. Bob really must have the heating fixed.
  2. She had her hair dyed blonde yesterday
  3. They are having the rooms painted at the moment
  4. After Alex had had the sleeves shortened, the blazer fit him perfectly.
  5. Instead of buying a new car, why don’t you have your old one fixed?
  6. We are having a garage built.
  7. They have not had their TV fixed yet.
  1. Kate had her hair cut at 13.30 pm.
  2. Peter is having his car battery changed.
  3. My mother had her hair dyed last Saturday.
  4. Henry has his guitar checked after every show.
  5. I have my teeth checked once a year.
  1. Peter has the mechanic change his car battery yearly.
  2. My mother had the hairdresser dye her hair last Saturday.
  3. Henry has his assistant check his guitar after every show.
  4. I have the dentist check my teeth once a year.

Надеюсь, правила и упражнения помогли Вам разобраться в теме causative forms.

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4 Комментариев для “Сausative form в английском языке: have something done / have someone do”

Во 2 упражнении нет ответа на последний (8)вопрос.

Можем ли использовать структуру have smth done после модальных глаголов need, may, can, want

Конструкция have something done может использоваться с модальными глаголами.

You should have your wisdom tooth removed. – Тебе стоит удалить зуб мудрости.

У меня вопрос одно предложение меня мучает Did the professional make the cake for me?

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Упражнения на тему The Past Perfect Tense

Упражнения на отработку Past Perfect – прекрасная возможность закрепить правила употребления этого непростого времени. Кстати, правила Past Perfect также доступны на сайте. А мы займемся упражнениями. Past Perfect упражнения предлагаются с ответами, поэтому вы сможете без труда убедится в своих успехах или, если нужно, еще раз обратится к статье по теории The Past Perfect Tense. В некоторых упражнениях возможны различные варианты ответов, поэтому для них я буду давать примерные варианты.

Упражнения разбиты на 2 уровня: уровень A несколько проще, уровень B– немного сложнее.

Past Perfect упражнения уровня A.

Упражнение 1. Complete the sentences using the Past Perfect tense of the verbs below. (Дополните предложения, используя форму Past Perfect глаголов, приведенных ниже.)

to learn the poem

— I went to bed after I had learnt the poem.

to have dinner, to do homework, to come , to read the book, to clean the room, to go shopping, to return from Australia, to finish work

  1. I went to see my friend after.
  2. I watched TV after.
  3. They went home after.
  4. He phoned me after.
  5. She went to dance after.
  6. We wrote a composition after.
  7. They rebuilt the house after.
  8. We went for a walk after.
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Упражнение 2. Insert the verbs in the Past Perfect tense. (Вставьте глаголы в Past Perfect.)

  1. I . (to have) breakfast before I went to school.
  2. He went to meet his friends after he . (to do) his homework.
  3. By 8 o’clock the rain . (to stop).
  4. Alice was late because she . (to miss) the bus.
  5. She went to the post-office after she . (to write) the letter.
  6. He . (to work) at the factory before he entered the college.
  7. He got a bad mark for his test because he . (to make) a lot of mistakes in it.
  8. I went to bed after I . (to finish) reading the book.
  9. The child . (to fall) asleep before the parents came home.
  10. They . (to marry) before they bought this house.

Упражнение 3 . Use Past Perfect of the verbs in the box to complete the sentences. (Используйте Past Perfect предложенных глаголов, чтобы дополнить предложения.)

to leave, to go, to die, to see, to live, to fly

  1. I didn’t read the text in class because I … my book at home.
  2. The children didn’t want to go to the cinema because they . already . the film.
  3. Kate wasn’t at home last week because she . to visit her uncle.
  4. Linda never knew her father because he . before she was born.
  5. I was excited when the plane took off because I. never . before.
  6. My grandfather was always afraid of animals because he . never . in the country.

Упражнение 4. Insert the verbs in the Past Perfect tense. (Вставьте глаголы в PastPerfect.)

1. Jill was afraid she _____ (forget) her key at home, but she found it in her handbag.

2. Dad wasn’t at home when I came back. He _____ (go) out twenty minutes before.

3. I wasn’t hungry because I_____ (just/have) breakfast.

4. Peter saw an urgent message on his table. Somebody _____ (leave) it the day before.

5. I apologized I _____ (not/phone) her.

6. He told me that he _____ (come back) a fortnight before.

7. I knew him at once though I _____ (meet) him many years before.

8. We spent the night in Klin, a town we _____ (often/hear of) but_____ (never/see).

9. They couldn’t believe he _____ (give up) his job in the bank. He _____ (make) a good living there.

10. Mr. Jackson said that he _____ ( already/buy) everything for lunch.

11. Alice asked her brother where he _____ (arrange) to meet his friends.

12. We had no car at that time because we _____ (sell) our old one.

13. They _____ (finish) painting the ceiling by two o’clock.

Past Perfect упражнения уровня B.

Упражнение 5. Say what action was done before. Combine the two sentences into one. (Oпределите, какое действие произошло раньше. Объедините два предложения в одно, не меняя части местами. Используйте BEFORE )

I sent a telegram. Then I met my friend.

— I had sent a telegram before I met my friend.

  1. The rain stopped. I went for a walk.
  2. I did my homework. My mother returned home.
  3. We met in the street. We went to the park.
  4. They packed their things. Then they started.
  5. I had dinner. I switched on the TV set.
  6. He returned home. The guests left.
  7. We came to the cinema. The film began.
  8. I read the book. I saw the play. .
  9. They lived here. They moved to another place.
  10. We played а game of tennis. We went to my place
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Упражнение 6. Connect each pair of sentences with the conjunctions before, as soon as, after. (Объедините два предложения в одно, используя before, as soon as, after.)

They had lived in the country. They moved to the city.

— They had lived in the country before they moved to the city.

  1. He had finished school. He went to a camp.
  2. She had phoned her friend. She went to meet her.
  3. I read the book. I had seen the film.
  4. I had cleaned my room. I invited my friends home.
  5. He entered the university. He had finished school.
  6. Не told me about his impressions. He had returned from his journey.
  7. He was unhappy. He had got bad news.
  8. I had finished the text. I handed in my exercise-book.

Упражнение 7. Complete the sentences using Past Perfect. (Дополните предложения, используя Past Perfect ).

I watched a new film after…

I went for a walk after.

I fell asleep after.

I began to read a book after.

I helped my mother about the house after.

Ответы:

Упражнение 1. Примерные ответы:

  1. I went to see my friend after I had done my homework.
  2. I watched TV after I had come.
  3. They went home after they had finished work.
  4. He phoned me after he had cleaned the room.
  5. She went to dance after she had had dinner
  6. We wrote a composition after he had read the book.
  7. They rebuilt the house after they had come from Australia.
  8. We went for a walk after he had gone shopping.

Упражнение 2.

1 had had, 2 had done, 3 had stopped, 4 had missed, 5 had written, 6 had worked, 7 had made, 8 had finished, 9 had fallen, 10 had married

Упражнение 3.

1 had left, 2 had already seen. 3 had gone, 4 had died, 5 had never flown, 6 had never lived

Упражнение 4.

1 had forgotten, 2 had gone, 3 had just had, 4 had left, 5 had not phoned, 6 had come back, 7 had met, 8 had often heard/ had never seen, 9 had given up/ had made, 10 had already bought, 11 had arranged, 12 had sold, 13 had finished

Упражнение 5. Примерные ответы:

  1. The rain had stopped before I went for a walk.
  2. I had done my homework before my mother returned home.
  3. We had met in the street before we went to the park.
  4. They had packed their things before they started.
  5. I had had dinner before I switched on the TV set.
  6. Before he returned home the guests had left.
  7. Before we came to the cinema the film had begun.
  8. I had read the book before I saw the play. .
  9. They had lived here before they moved to another place.
  10. We had played а game of tennis before we went to my place

Упражнение 6. Примерные ответы:

  1. After he had finished school, he went to a camp.
  2. As soon as she had phoned her friend, she went to meet her.
  3. I read the book after I had seen the film.
  4. I had cleaned my room before I invited my friends home.
  5. He entered the university after he had finished school.
  6. Не told me about his impressions after he had returned from his journey.
  7. He was unhappy after he had got bad news.
  8. After I had finished the text, I handed in my exercise-book.

Надеюсь, упражнения на Past Perfect пришлись вам по вкусу и оказались по плечу!

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4 Комментариев для “Упражнения на тему The Past Perfect Tense”

В 1 упражнении в 7 предложении в самом упражнении указана фраза to return from Australia, а в ответах указана фраза had come from Australia, почему return поменяли на come?

Ольга, случайно. had returned

Скажите, можно ли в 5 упр. под цифрой 6 : The guests had left before he returned home.

и под цифрой 7: We had come to the cinema before the film began. И если нет, то почему?

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